Whey permeate (WP) is a lactose-rich waste effluent, generated during cheese manufacturing and further valorization steps, such as protein extraction. The production of ethanol by WP fermentation has been proposed to increase cost-competitiveness of dairy waste processing. In previous work, the Escherichia coli W strain was selected for its efficient growth in dairy waste and it was engineered to convert lactose into ethanol as the main fermentation product from WP and concentrated WP (CWP). To improve its performance, here the lactate dehydrogenase, fumarate reductase and pyruvate formate lyase fermentative routes were disrupted, obtaining new deletion strains. In test tubes, growth and fermentation profiles obtained in standard laboratory media and CWP showed large differences, and were affected by oxygen, medium and ethanologenic gene expression level. Among the tested strains, the one with triple deletion was superior in both high-oxygen and low-oxygen test tube fermentations, in terms of ethanol titer, rate and yield. The improved performance was due to a lower inhibition by medium acidification rather than an improved ethanol flux. The parent and triple deletion strains showed similar performance indexes in pH-controlled bioreactor experiments. However, the deletion strain showed lower base consumption and residual waste, in terms of both dry matter and chemical oxygen demand after distillation. It thus represents a step towards sustainable dairy wastewater valorization for bioenergy production by decreasing process operation costs.

Engineering endogenous fermentative routes in ethanologenic Escherichia coli W for bioethanol production from concentrated whey permeate

Bellato M.;Magni P.
2020

Abstract

Whey permeate (WP) is a lactose-rich waste effluent, generated during cheese manufacturing and further valorization steps, such as protein extraction. The production of ethanol by WP fermentation has been proposed to increase cost-competitiveness of dairy waste processing. In previous work, the Escherichia coli W strain was selected for its efficient growth in dairy waste and it was engineered to convert lactose into ethanol as the main fermentation product from WP and concentrated WP (CWP). To improve its performance, here the lactate dehydrogenase, fumarate reductase and pyruvate formate lyase fermentative routes were disrupted, obtaining new deletion strains. In test tubes, growth and fermentation profiles obtained in standard laboratory media and CWP showed large differences, and were affected by oxygen, medium and ethanologenic gene expression level. Among the tested strains, the one with triple deletion was superior in both high-oxygen and low-oxygen test tube fermentations, in terms of ethanol titer, rate and yield. The improved performance was due to a lower inhibition by medium acidification rather than an improved ethanol flux. The parent and triple deletion strains showed similar performance indexes in pH-controlled bioreactor experiments. However, the deletion strain showed lower base consumption and residual waste, in terms of both dry matter and chemical oxygen demand after distillation. It thus represents a step towards sustainable dairy wastewater valorization for bioenergy production by decreasing process operation costs.
2020
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3358480
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