Background: Delusional disorder is an uncommon psychotic disorder. The first-line treatments for this chronic and resistant condition are antipsychotic medications, usually associated with several side effects that can exacerbate poor adherence. Conversely, aripiprazole is a well-tolerated antipsychotic drug that is effective in the treatment of other psychotic disorders. Here, we aimed to systematically review and summarize the currently available literature to evaluate the effectiveness and tolerability of aripiprazole in delusional disorders. Methods: A comprehensive literature search from inception until February 2020 was performed in PubMed, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and Scopus databases using The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. Results: We identified 21 single cases of delusional disorders, mostly somatic type, treated with aripiprazole. All studies reported patient clinical improvements after the beginning of the treatment with aripiprazole. The average dose of aripiprazole was 11.1 mg/day, and the average time to achieve a clinical response was 5.7 weeks. Few adverse effects were reported, including asthenia, extrapyramidal symptoms, hyperprolactinemia, and insomnia. Conclusions: Our findings suggest that aripiprazole may be an effective treatment for delusional disorders with good tolerability. Further studies comparing aripiprazole with other antipsychotics in the treatment of delusional disorders are needed.

Aripiprazole for the treatment of delusional disorders: A systematic review

Miola A.;Salvati B.;Sambataro F.
;
Toffanin T.
2020

Abstract

Background: Delusional disorder is an uncommon psychotic disorder. The first-line treatments for this chronic and resistant condition are antipsychotic medications, usually associated with several side effects that can exacerbate poor adherence. Conversely, aripiprazole is a well-tolerated antipsychotic drug that is effective in the treatment of other psychotic disorders. Here, we aimed to systematically review and summarize the currently available literature to evaluate the effectiveness and tolerability of aripiprazole in delusional disorders. Methods: A comprehensive literature search from inception until February 2020 was performed in PubMed, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and Scopus databases using The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. Results: We identified 21 single cases of delusional disorders, mostly somatic type, treated with aripiprazole. All studies reported patient clinical improvements after the beginning of the treatment with aripiprazole. The average dose of aripiprazole was 11.1 mg/day, and the average time to achieve a clinical response was 5.7 weeks. Few adverse effects were reported, including asthenia, extrapyramidal symptoms, hyperprolactinemia, and insomnia. Conclusions: Our findings suggest that aripiprazole may be an effective treatment for delusional disorders with good tolerability. Further studies comparing aripiprazole with other antipsychotics in the treatment of delusional disorders are needed.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3359696
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