Aging is associated with alterations in skeletal muscle autophagy, potentially affecting both muscle mass and quality in a negative manner. Strength training with protein supplementation has been reported to improve both muscle mass and quality in frail elderly individuals, but whether improvements are accompanied by alterations in protein quality control is not known. To address this issue, we investigated protein degradation markers in skeletal muscle biopsies (m. vastus lateralis) from twenty-four frail elderly men and women (86 ± 7 yr) after acute and chronic (10 weeks) strength training with protein supplementation (ST + PRO) or protein supplementation alone (PRO). Acute increases in mRNA expression of genes related to the ubiquitin proteasome system (MuRF-1, MUSA1), autophagy (ATG7, LC3, p62), and mitochondrial fission (DRP1) were observed after the first, but not after the last training session in ST + PRO. Acute changes in gene expression were accompanied by changes in protein levels of both LC3-I and LC3-II. Hence, the acute training-induced activation of proteasomal degradation and autophagy seems to depend on training status, with activation in the untrained, but not trained state. The ten-week training intervention did not affect basal levels of autophagy mRNAs and proteins, and neither markers of the ubiquitin-proteasome system. This suggests that a relatively short period of strength training may not be sufficient to increase the basal rate of protein degradation in frail elderly.

Effects of acute and chronic strength training on skeletal muscle autophagy in frail elderly men and women

Armani A;Sandri M;
2020

Abstract

Aging is associated with alterations in skeletal muscle autophagy, potentially affecting both muscle mass and quality in a negative manner. Strength training with protein supplementation has been reported to improve both muscle mass and quality in frail elderly individuals, but whether improvements are accompanied by alterations in protein quality control is not known. To address this issue, we investigated protein degradation markers in skeletal muscle biopsies (m. vastus lateralis) from twenty-four frail elderly men and women (86 ± 7 yr) after acute and chronic (10 weeks) strength training with protein supplementation (ST + PRO) or protein supplementation alone (PRO). Acute increases in mRNA expression of genes related to the ubiquitin proteasome system (MuRF-1, MUSA1), autophagy (ATG7, LC3, p62), and mitochondrial fission (DRP1) were observed after the first, but not after the last training session in ST + PRO. Acute changes in gene expression were accompanied by changes in protein levels of both LC3-I and LC3-II. Hence, the acute training-induced activation of proteasomal degradation and autophagy seems to depend on training status, with activation in the untrained, but not trained state. The ten-week training intervention did not affect basal levels of autophagy mRNAs and proteins, and neither markers of the ubiquitin-proteasome system. This suggests that a relatively short period of strength training may not be sufficient to increase the basal rate of protein degradation in frail elderly.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3361553
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