Introduction: Hippocampus is involved in a range of cognitive and behavioural processes, and its volume has been found to be reduced in different psychiatric disorders. The present study aims at exploring hippocampal volumes in anorexia nervosa (AN) at different stages of the disorder (a few months after onset, more than 1 year after onset and after recovery). Methods: Two samples were included in the present study. The first was composed of 58 patients (38 with present AN, 20 full recovered from AN) and 38 age-matched healthy women (HW); the second, recruited at a different site, included 20 patients with AN and 16 HW. Hippocampal volume has been estimated using an automated segmentation algorithm. Age, site of scanning and total intracranial volumes were used as covariates in the statistical analyses. Results: AN patients showed a reduced hippocampal volume in comparison to HW, with no substantial differences between patients with recent onset and those with a longer duration of illness. Among patients, hippocampal volumes correlated with body mass index, anxiety and drive for thinness. Discussion: Our findings suggest an early role of malnutrition in the morphologic alterations of the hippocampus in AN and a possible role of this brain structure in mediating specific psychopathological traits.

Hippocampal volumes in anorexia nervosa at different stages of the disorder.

Collantoni E;Tenconi E;Marco Solmi;Meneguzzo P;Abbate Daga Giovanni;Manara Renzo;Favaro Angela
2020

Abstract

Introduction: Hippocampus is involved in a range of cognitive and behavioural processes, and its volume has been found to be reduced in different psychiatric disorders. The present study aims at exploring hippocampal volumes in anorexia nervosa (AN) at different stages of the disorder (a few months after onset, more than 1 year after onset and after recovery). Methods: Two samples were included in the present study. The first was composed of 58 patients (38 with present AN, 20 full recovered from AN) and 38 age-matched healthy women (HW); the second, recruited at a different site, included 20 patients with AN and 16 HW. Hippocampal volume has been estimated using an automated segmentation algorithm. Age, site of scanning and total intracranial volumes were used as covariates in the statistical analyses. Results: AN patients showed a reduced hippocampal volume in comparison to HW, with no substantial differences between patients with recent onset and those with a longer duration of illness. Among patients, hippocampal volumes correlated with body mass index, anxiety and drive for thinness. Discussion: Our findings suggest an early role of malnutrition in the morphologic alterations of the hippocampus in AN and a possible role of this brain structure in mediating specific psychopathological traits.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/3362959
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