Protein kinase CK2, a pleiotropic and constitutively active kinase, is strictly involved in different diseases, especially in cancer. Many efforts have been carried out to develop specific CK2 inhibitors and recently, it has been evidenced that ferulic acid (FA) represents a promising, albeit cell impermeable, CK2 inhibitor. In the present study, the potential of a nanotechnological approach to cope with intracellular CK2 regulation was explored. Surface-Active Maghemite Nanoparticles (SAMNs), coupling magnetism with photoluminescence, a new feature of SAMNs here described for the first time, were chosen as dual imaging nanocarrier for FA. The self-assembled nanodevice (SAMN@FA) displayed a significant CK2 inhibitory activity in vitro. Moreover, effective cellular internalization of SAMN@FA in cancer cells was proved by direct visualization of the photoluminescent nanocarrier by confocal microscopy and was corroborated by phosphorylation levels of endogenous CK2 targets. The proposed trimodal nanodevice, representing the first example of cellular CK2 nano-inhibition, paves the way for novel active nanocarriers as appealing theranostic tool for future biomedical applications.

Intracellular protein kinase CK2 inhibition by ferulic acid-based trimodal nanodevice

Molinari S.;Cozza G.;Magro M.;Vianello F.
;
Venerando A.
2020

Abstract

Protein kinase CK2, a pleiotropic and constitutively active kinase, is strictly involved in different diseases, especially in cancer. Many efforts have been carried out to develop specific CK2 inhibitors and recently, it has been evidenced that ferulic acid (FA) represents a promising, albeit cell impermeable, CK2 inhibitor. In the present study, the potential of a nanotechnological approach to cope with intracellular CK2 regulation was explored. Surface-Active Maghemite Nanoparticles (SAMNs), coupling magnetism with photoluminescence, a new feature of SAMNs here described for the first time, were chosen as dual imaging nanocarrier for FA. The self-assembled nanodevice (SAMN@FA) displayed a significant CK2 inhibitory activity in vitro. Moreover, effective cellular internalization of SAMN@FA in cancer cells was proved by direct visualization of the photoluminescent nanocarrier by confocal microscopy and was corroborated by phosphorylation levels of endogenous CK2 targets. The proposed trimodal nanodevice, representing the first example of cellular CK2 nano-inhibition, paves the way for novel active nanocarriers as appealing theranostic tool for future biomedical applications.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3364044
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