The AAOMS in 2014 changed from BRONJ to the term Medication-Related Osteonecrosis of the Jaw (MRONJ), because of the growing number of osteonecrosis cases associated with other antiresorptive and antiangiogenic therapies. Even if the drugs involved are different, the histopathological findings are the same. Colonies of Actinomyces are encountered in most cases. The aim of the present study is to report on Actinomyces prevalence among the cases of MRONJ, taking into consideration also antiresorptive and antiangiogenic therapies in the literature and in our sample between 2005 and 2020. The review was performed using the database Medline the linkage between Actinomyces infection and MRONJ. The retrospective study was conducted on patients between with clinical and radiological manifestations of MRONJ May 2005 and February 2020. A total of 42 articles were found, 30 publications have been taken into consideration for the review. A total of 114 patients have been examined at the Padua Hospital. A total of 101 oncological patients presented the histological confirmation of MRONJ. 83 specimens revealed the presence of Actinomyces infection (82.18%). Actinomyces-associated lesions are frequent and present a wide spectrum of clinical manifestation.

Actinomyces and MRONJ: a retrospective study and a literature review

Cerrato, Alessia;Zanette, Gastone;Angelini, Annalisa;Valente, Marialuisa;Bacci, Christian
2021

Abstract

The AAOMS in 2014 changed from BRONJ to the term Medication-Related Osteonecrosis of the Jaw (MRONJ), because of the growing number of osteonecrosis cases associated with other antiresorptive and antiangiogenic therapies. Even if the drugs involved are different, the histopathological findings are the same. Colonies of Actinomyces are encountered in most cases. The aim of the present study is to report on Actinomyces prevalence among the cases of MRONJ, taking into consideration also antiresorptive and antiangiogenic therapies in the literature and in our sample between 2005 and 2020. The review was performed using the database Medline the linkage between Actinomyces infection and MRONJ. The retrospective study was conducted on patients between with clinical and radiological manifestations of MRONJ May 2005 and February 2020. A total of 42 articles were found, 30 publications have been taken into consideration for the review. A total of 114 patients have been examined at the Padua Hospital. A total of 101 oncological patients presented the histological confirmation of MRONJ. 83 specimens revealed the presence of Actinomyces infection (82.18%). Actinomyces-associated lesions are frequent and present a wide spectrum of clinical manifestation.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/3366790
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