This study explores the cultural construction of “difficult” temperament in the first 2 years of life, as well as the logistical and thematic continuity across infancy and childhood in what mothers perceive as difficult. It extends earlier work regarding older children in six cultural sites: Italy, the Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Sweden, and the United States. In order to compare temperament profiles across sites, a “derived etic” version of standard temperament scales is constructed, and then examined in relation to mothers’ global ratings of how “difficult” the child is to manage. Results are compared to the earlier report. Negative Mood and low Adaptability tend to be problematic in most sites in both age groups. High Activity and Intensity increase in their relevance to difficulty from the first 2 years to early childhood. In some sites, dispositions such as low Approach become less difficult to manage. Of particular note are culturally unique patterns of continuity that appear to be related to larger cultural themes. These results have implications for our theoretic

Developmental Continuity and Change in the Cultural Construction of the “Difficult Child”: A Study in Six Western Cultures

Sabrina Bonichini
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
2020

Abstract

This study explores the cultural construction of “difficult” temperament in the first 2 years of life, as well as the logistical and thematic continuity across infancy and childhood in what mothers perceive as difficult. It extends earlier work regarding older children in six cultural sites: Italy, the Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Sweden, and the United States. In order to compare temperament profiles across sites, a “derived etic” version of standard temperament scales is constructed, and then examined in relation to mothers’ global ratings of how “difficult” the child is to manage. Results are compared to the earlier report. Negative Mood and low Adaptability tend to be problematic in most sites in both age groups. High Activity and Intensity increase in their relevance to difficulty from the first 2 years to early childhood. In some sites, dispositions such as low Approach become less difficult to manage. Of particular note are culturally unique patterns of continuity that appear to be related to larger cultural themes. These results have implications for our theoretic
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3369201
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