Background Papillary muscles (PMs) abnormalities may be associated with ECG repolarization abnormalities. We aimed to evaluate the relation between lateral T-wave inversion (TWI) and PMs characteristics in a cohort of athletes with no clinically demonstrable cardiac disease. Methods and Results We included 53 athletes (median age, 20 years; 87% men) with lateral TWI and no evidence of heart disease on clinical and cardiac magnetic resonance evaluation. A group of healthy athletes with normal ECG served as controls. We evaluated the PMs dimensions, such as diameters, area, volume, mass, and ratio between PMs and left ventricular mass, and the prevalence of PMs apical displacement. Compared with controls, athletes with TWI showed PMs hypertrophy with significantly increased PMs diameters, area, volume, and mass. The ratio between PMs and left ventricular mass was 4.4% in athletes with TWI and 3.0% in controls (P<0.001). A PMs/left ventricular mass ratio >3.5% showed 85% sensitivity and 76% specificity for differentiating between athletes with TWI and controls. Apical displacement of PMs was found in 25 (47%) athletes with TWI versus 9 (17%) controls (P=0.001). At multivariable analysis, PMs/left ventricular mass ratio and apical displacement remained independent predictors of TWI. Clinical outcome of the athletes with TWI and PMs abnormalities was uneventful despite continuation of their sports activity. Conclusions PMs hypertrophy and apical displacement may underlie otherwise unexplained lateral TWI in the athlete. Lateral TWI associated with PMs abnormalities appears as a distinct anatomo-clinical condition characterized by a favorable outcome.

Papillary Muscles Abnormalities in Athletes With Otherwise Unexplained T-Wave Inversion in the ECG Lateral Leads

De Lazzari, Manuel;Zorzi, Alessandro;Bettella, Natascia;Cipriani, Alberto;Pilichou, Kalliopi;Cason, Marco;Motta, Raffaella;Perazzolo Marra, Martina;Corrado, Domenico
2021

Abstract

Background Papillary muscles (PMs) abnormalities may be associated with ECG repolarization abnormalities. We aimed to evaluate the relation between lateral T-wave inversion (TWI) and PMs characteristics in a cohort of athletes with no clinically demonstrable cardiac disease. Methods and Results We included 53 athletes (median age, 20 years; 87% men) with lateral TWI and no evidence of heart disease on clinical and cardiac magnetic resonance evaluation. A group of healthy athletes with normal ECG served as controls. We evaluated the PMs dimensions, such as diameters, area, volume, mass, and ratio between PMs and left ventricular mass, and the prevalence of PMs apical displacement. Compared with controls, athletes with TWI showed PMs hypertrophy with significantly increased PMs diameters, area, volume, and mass. The ratio between PMs and left ventricular mass was 4.4% in athletes with TWI and 3.0% in controls (P<0.001). A PMs/left ventricular mass ratio >3.5% showed 85% sensitivity and 76% specificity for differentiating between athletes with TWI and controls. Apical displacement of PMs was found in 25 (47%) athletes with TWI versus 9 (17%) controls (P=0.001). At multivariable analysis, PMs/left ventricular mass ratio and apical displacement remained independent predictors of TWI. Clinical outcome of the athletes with TWI and PMs abnormalities was uneventful despite continuation of their sports activity. Conclusions PMs hypertrophy and apical displacement may underlie otherwise unexplained lateral TWI in the athlete. Lateral TWI associated with PMs abnormalities appears as a distinct anatomo-clinical condition characterized by a favorable outcome.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/3376181
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