Purpose To analyze the individual value and the contribution of color fundus photography (CFP) and optical coherence tomography (OCT) in the screening of age-related macular degeneration (AMD) of an unselected population. Methods CFP and OCT images of 15957 eyes of 8069 subjects older than 55 years, obtained during a population-based screening for AMD using a single diagnostic non-mydriatic imaging device, were analyzed by a blinded examiner. The two techniques were preliminary evaluated considering the dichotomous parameter "gradable/ungradable", then gradable images were classified. CFP were graded according to the standardized classification of AMD lesions. OCT images were also categorized considering the presence of signs of early/intermediate AMD, late AMD, or other retinal diseases. Another blinded operator re-graded 1978 randomly selected images (for both CFP and OCT), to assess test reproducibility. Results Of the 15957 eyes, 8356 CFP (52.4%) and 15594 (97.7%) OCT scans were gradable. Moreover, most of the eyes with ungradable CFP (7339, 96.6%) were gradable at OCT. AMD signs were revealed in 7.4% of gradable CFP and in 10.4% of gradable OCT images. Moreover, at OCT, AMD signs were found in 1110 (6.9%) eyes whose CFP were ungradable or without AMD (847 and 263 eyes, respectively). The inter-operator agreement was good for the gradable versus ungradable parameter, and optimal for the AMD grading parameter of CFP. The agreement was optimal for all OCT parameters. Conclusions OCT provided gradable images in almost all examined eyes, compared to limited CFP efficiency. Moreover, OCT images allowed to detect more AMD eyes compared to gradable photos. OCT imaging appears to significantly improve the power of AMD screening in a general, unselected population, compared to CFP alone.

Optical coherence tomography and color fundus photography in the screening of age-related macular degeneration: A comparative, population-based study

Midena E.;Frizziero L.;Torresin T.;Miglionico G.;Pilotto E.
2020

Abstract

Purpose To analyze the individual value and the contribution of color fundus photography (CFP) and optical coherence tomography (OCT) in the screening of age-related macular degeneration (AMD) of an unselected population. Methods CFP and OCT images of 15957 eyes of 8069 subjects older than 55 years, obtained during a population-based screening for AMD using a single diagnostic non-mydriatic imaging device, were analyzed by a blinded examiner. The two techniques were preliminary evaluated considering the dichotomous parameter "gradable/ungradable", then gradable images were classified. CFP were graded according to the standardized classification of AMD lesions. OCT images were also categorized considering the presence of signs of early/intermediate AMD, late AMD, or other retinal diseases. Another blinded operator re-graded 1978 randomly selected images (for both CFP and OCT), to assess test reproducibility. Results Of the 15957 eyes, 8356 CFP (52.4%) and 15594 (97.7%) OCT scans were gradable. Moreover, most of the eyes with ungradable CFP (7339, 96.6%) were gradable at OCT. AMD signs were revealed in 7.4% of gradable CFP and in 10.4% of gradable OCT images. Moreover, at OCT, AMD signs were found in 1110 (6.9%) eyes whose CFP were ungradable or without AMD (847 and 263 eyes, respectively). The inter-operator agreement was good for the gradable versus ungradable parameter, and optimal for the AMD grading parameter of CFP. The agreement was optimal for all OCT parameters. Conclusions OCT provided gradable images in almost all examined eyes, compared to limited CFP efficiency. Moreover, OCT images allowed to detect more AMD eyes compared to gradable photos. OCT imaging appears to significantly improve the power of AMD screening in a general, unselected population, compared to CFP alone.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3379244
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