Glutaraldehyde-treated, surgical bioprosthetic heart valves undergo structural degeneration within 10–15 years of implantation. Analogous preliminary results were disclosed for percutaneous heart valves (PHVs) realized with similarly-treated tissues. To improve long-term performance, decellularised scaffolds can be proposed as alternative fabricating biomaterials. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether bovine and porcine decellularised pericardia could be utilised to manufacture bioengineered percutaneous heart valves (bioPHVs) with adequate hydrodynamic performance and leaflet resistance to crimping damage. BioPHVs were fabricated by mounting acellular pericardia onto commercial stents. Independently from the pericardial species used for valve fabrication, bioPHVs satisfied the minimum hydrodynamic performance criteria set by ISO 5840-3 standards and were able to withstand a large spectrum of cardiac output conditions, also during extreme backpressure, without severe regurgitation, especially in the case of the porcine group. No macroscopic or microscopic leaflet damage was detected following bioPHV crimping. Bovine and porcine decellularized pericardia are both suitable alternatives to glutaraldehyde-treated tissues. Between the two types of pericardial species tested, the porcine tissue scaffold might be preferable to fabricate advanced PHV replacements for long-term performance. Condensed abstract: Current percutaneous heart valve replacements are formulated with glutaraldehyde-treated animal tissues, prone to structural degeneration. In order to improve long-term performance, bovine and porcine decellularised pericardia were utilised to manufacture bioengineered replacements, which demonstrated adequate hydrodynamic behaviour and resistance to crimping without leaflet architectural alteration.

Bioengineered percutaneous heart valves for transcatheter aortic valve replacement: a comparative evaluation of decellularised bovine and porcine pericardia

Tuladhar, Sugat Ratna;Della Barbera, Mila;Vedovelli, Luca;Bottigliengo, Daniele;Tessari, Chiara;Gregori, Dario;Thiene, Gaetano;Iop, Laura;Gerosa, Gino
2021

Abstract

Glutaraldehyde-treated, surgical bioprosthetic heart valves undergo structural degeneration within 10–15 years of implantation. Analogous preliminary results were disclosed for percutaneous heart valves (PHVs) realized with similarly-treated tissues. To improve long-term performance, decellularised scaffolds can be proposed as alternative fabricating biomaterials. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether bovine and porcine decellularised pericardia could be utilised to manufacture bioengineered percutaneous heart valves (bioPHVs) with adequate hydrodynamic performance and leaflet resistance to crimping damage. BioPHVs were fabricated by mounting acellular pericardia onto commercial stents. Independently from the pericardial species used for valve fabrication, bioPHVs satisfied the minimum hydrodynamic performance criteria set by ISO 5840-3 standards and were able to withstand a large spectrum of cardiac output conditions, also during extreme backpressure, without severe regurgitation, especially in the case of the porcine group. No macroscopic or microscopic leaflet damage was detected following bioPHV crimping. Bovine and porcine decellularized pericardia are both suitable alternatives to glutaraldehyde-treated tissues. Between the two types of pericardial species tested, the porcine tissue scaffold might be preferable to fabricate advanced PHV replacements for long-term performance. Condensed abstract: Current percutaneous heart valve replacements are formulated with glutaraldehyde-treated animal tissues, prone to structural degeneration. In order to improve long-term performance, bovine and porcine decellularised pericardia were utilised to manufacture bioengineered replacements, which demonstrated adequate hydrodynamic behaviour and resistance to crimping without leaflet architectural alteration.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3381286
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