Recent methodology has enabled the identification of some new genetic subgroups within the melting pot of lesions presently classified by the 2013 WHO classification as "undifferentiated/unclassified sarcomas". One of these subgroups is characterized by a paracentric inversion of the X chromosome with consequent formation of a BCOR-CCNB3 fusion. Clinical and pathological features of these tumors overlap with the Ewing sarcoma family as well as other soft tissue sarcomas, thus making them difficult to diagnose. To investigate the morphological and immunohistochemical characteristics of BCOR-CCNB3 positive sarcoma, we reviewed two sarcoma series, comprising 632 and 121 cases. The 11 tumors harboring the BCORCCNB3 fusion, identified by CCNB3 immunohistochemistry and/or RT-PCR, were reevaluated for morphological characteristics and further immunohistochemical investigations for CCNB3, SATB2, and Pax8 were performed. Tumors harboring a BCOR-CCNB3 fusion (11/753) occured exclusively in males, with a mean age at diagnosis of 12.9 years, and were mainly axially located. In this group of either spindled or round cell tumors, vesicular nuclei with finely dispersed chromatin, inconspicuous nucleoli and an arciform vascular pattern were pathognomonic. More than 50% of cases stained positive for SATB2 and Pax8, raising the hypothesis of a potential use of these markers in the identification of BCOR-CCNB3 positive undifferentiated/ unclassified sarcomas. CCNB3 was confirmed as a useful ancillary immunohistochemical marker.

BCOR-CCNB3 undifferentiated sarcoma-does immunohistochemistry help in the identification?

Ludwig K.
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Alaggio R.
;
Guzzardo V.;
2017

Abstract

Recent methodology has enabled the identification of some new genetic subgroups within the melting pot of lesions presently classified by the 2013 WHO classification as "undifferentiated/unclassified sarcomas". One of these subgroups is characterized by a paracentric inversion of the X chromosome with consequent formation of a BCOR-CCNB3 fusion. Clinical and pathological features of these tumors overlap with the Ewing sarcoma family as well as other soft tissue sarcomas, thus making them difficult to diagnose. To investigate the morphological and immunohistochemical characteristics of BCOR-CCNB3 positive sarcoma, we reviewed two sarcoma series, comprising 632 and 121 cases. The 11 tumors harboring the BCORCCNB3 fusion, identified by CCNB3 immunohistochemistry and/or RT-PCR, were reevaluated for morphological characteristics and further immunohistochemical investigations for CCNB3, SATB2, and Pax8 were performed. Tumors harboring a BCOR-CCNB3 fusion (11/753) occured exclusively in males, with a mean age at diagnosis of 12.9 years, and were mainly axially located. In this group of either spindled or round cell tumors, vesicular nuclei with finely dispersed chromatin, inconspicuous nucleoli and an arciform vascular pattern were pathognomonic. More than 50% of cases stained positive for SATB2 and Pax8, raising the hypothesis of a potential use of these markers in the identification of BCOR-CCNB3 positive undifferentiated/ unclassified sarcomas. CCNB3 was confirmed as a useful ancillary immunohistochemical marker.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3381837
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