BACKGROUND: Whether the carriership of inherited antithrombin (AT), protein C (PC), and protein S (PS) deficiency increases the risk of arterial thromboembolic events (ATE) is controversial. This information has the potential to inform the management of family members of probands with inherited deficiency of natural anticoagulants.PATIENTS/METHODS: We conducted a large prospective family cohort study in 640 subjects (of whom 341 carriers and 299 non-carriers) belonging to 86 families with inherited deficiency of AT, PC, or PS.RESULTS: A total of 4240 and 3810 patient-years were available for carriers and non-carriers, respectively. Risk factors for atherosclerosis were similarly distributed in the two groups. Of the 26 ATE that were recorded, 19 occurred in carriers (5.6%), as compared to 7 in non-carriers (2.3%) [p=0.07]. After adjusting for confounders, the hazard ratio (HR) for ATE was 4.9 (95% CI 1.5-16.3) in carriers as compared to non-carriers.CONCLUSIONS: Among family members of probands with an inherited deficiency of natural anticoagulants, carriers exhibit a risk of ATE that is almost five times higher than in non-carriers.

The risk of arterial thrombosis in carriers of natural coagulation inhibitors: a prospective family cohort study

Tormene, Daniela
;
Noventa, Franco;Campello, Elena;Gavasso, Sabrina;Marobin, Michelangelo;Turatti, Giacomo;Prandoni, Paolo;Simioni, Paolo
2021

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Whether the carriership of inherited antithrombin (AT), protein C (PC), and protein S (PS) deficiency increases the risk of arterial thromboembolic events (ATE) is controversial. This information has the potential to inform the management of family members of probands with inherited deficiency of natural anticoagulants.PATIENTS/METHODS: We conducted a large prospective family cohort study in 640 subjects (of whom 341 carriers and 299 non-carriers) belonging to 86 families with inherited deficiency of AT, PC, or PS.RESULTS: A total of 4240 and 3810 patient-years were available for carriers and non-carriers, respectively. Risk factors for atherosclerosis were similarly distributed in the two groups. Of the 26 ATE that were recorded, 19 occurred in carriers (5.6%), as compared to 7 in non-carriers (2.3%) [p=0.07]. After adjusting for confounders, the hazard ratio (HR) for ATE was 4.9 (95% CI 1.5-16.3) in carriers as compared to non-carriers.CONCLUSIONS: Among family members of probands with an inherited deficiency of natural anticoagulants, carriers exhibit a risk of ATE that is almost five times higher than in non-carriers.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3382025
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