Background/Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the impact of sinonasal morbidity on quality of life (QoL) in antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody–associated vasculitis (AAV). Methods: This cross-sectional case-control study enrolled 71 patients—44 AAV cases with (ear, nose, and throat [ENT]–AAV) or without ENT involvement (non–ENT-AAV) undergoing multidisciplinary evaluations and 27 chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) cases. Three validated QoL questionnaires (Sino-Nasal Outcomes Test-22 [SNOT-22], Nasal Obstruction Symptom Evaluation [NOSE], and Short-Form 36) were administered, and the 3 groups were compared. Results: The ENT-AAV patients were significantly younger (p = 0.01), with less antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody positivity frequency (p = 0.035) and lower renal involvement (p = 0.003) than the non–ENT-AAV patients. The SNOT-22 questionnaire demonstrated significantly greater sinonasal morbidity in ENT-AAV patients compared with CRS patients (p < 0.001). The NOSE score of ENT-AAV patients was comparable to those of CRS patients, but higher than that of non–ENT-AAV patients (p < 0.001). The SNOT-22 and NOSE scores positively correlated with disease activity (p = 0.037; p = 0.004, respectively). Short-Form 36 domain-by-domain analysis revealed a significantly poorer QoL in ENT-AAV patients, especially with physical functioning being progressively impaired in CRS, non–ENTAAV, and ENT-AAV patients (p < 0.001). No significant differences in QoL came to light when AAV patients were stratified according to current systemic o local treatments. Conclusions: The QoL in AAV patients is significantly reduced, especially in the presence of ENT involvement. The AAV-related nasal morbidity is consistent and comparable to that reported by CRS patients. It significantly affects patients' QoL and in particular social functioning, leading to limitation in daily/work activities. Organ-focused questionnaires and multidisciplinary management are warranted to pursue a treat-to-target approach in these patients.

Health-Related Quality of Life in Patients With ANCA-Associated Vasculitis and Sinonasal Involvement: A Single-Center Cross-Sectional Study

Cazzador, Diego;Padoan, Roberto
;
Colangeli, Roberta;Pendolino, Alfonso Luca;Felicetti, Mara;Zanoletti, Elisabetta;Emanuelli, Enzo;Martini, Alessandro;Doria, Andrea;Nicolai, Piero;
2020

Abstract

Background/Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the impact of sinonasal morbidity on quality of life (QoL) in antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody–associated vasculitis (AAV). Methods: This cross-sectional case-control study enrolled 71 patients—44 AAV cases with (ear, nose, and throat [ENT]–AAV) or without ENT involvement (non–ENT-AAV) undergoing multidisciplinary evaluations and 27 chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) cases. Three validated QoL questionnaires (Sino-Nasal Outcomes Test-22 [SNOT-22], Nasal Obstruction Symptom Evaluation [NOSE], and Short-Form 36) were administered, and the 3 groups were compared. Results: The ENT-AAV patients were significantly younger (p = 0.01), with less antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody positivity frequency (p = 0.035) and lower renal involvement (p = 0.003) than the non–ENT-AAV patients. The SNOT-22 questionnaire demonstrated significantly greater sinonasal morbidity in ENT-AAV patients compared with CRS patients (p < 0.001). The NOSE score of ENT-AAV patients was comparable to those of CRS patients, but higher than that of non–ENT-AAV patients (p < 0.001). The SNOT-22 and NOSE scores positively correlated with disease activity (p = 0.037; p = 0.004, respectively). Short-Form 36 domain-by-domain analysis revealed a significantly poorer QoL in ENT-AAV patients, especially with physical functioning being progressively impaired in CRS, non–ENTAAV, and ENT-AAV patients (p < 0.001). No significant differences in QoL came to light when AAV patients were stratified according to current systemic o local treatments. Conclusions: The QoL in AAV patients is significantly reduced, especially in the presence of ENT involvement. The AAV-related nasal morbidity is consistent and comparable to that reported by CRS patients. It significantly affects patients' QoL and in particular social functioning, leading to limitation in daily/work activities. Organ-focused questionnaires and multidisciplinary management are warranted to pursue a treat-to-target approach in these patients.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3383941
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