The main aim of this article is to present the results of different experiments focused on the problem of model fitting process in topic modeling and its accuracy when applied to long texts. At the same time, in fact, the digital era has made available both enormous quantities of textual data and technological advances that have facilitated the development of techniques to automate the data coding and analysis processes. In the ambit of topic modeling, different procedures were born in order to analyze larger and larger collections of texts, namely corpora, but this has posed, and continues to pose, a series of methodological questions that urgently need to be resolved. Therefore, through a series of different experiments, this article is based on the following consideration: taking into account Latent Dirichlet Allocation (LDA), a generative probabilistic model (Blei et al. in J Mach Learn Res 3:993–1022, 2003; Blei and Lafferty in: Srivastava, Sahami (eds) Text mining: classification, clustering, and applications, Chapman & Hall/CRC Press, Cambridge, 2009; Griffiths and Steyvers in Proc Natl Acad Sci USA (PNAS), 101(Supplement 1):5228–5235, 2004), the problem of fitting model is crucial because the LDA algorithm demands that the number of topics is specified a priori. Needles to say, the number of topics to detect in a corpus is a parameter which affect the analysis results. Since there is a lack of experiments applied to long texts, our article tries to shed new light on the complex relationship between texts’ length and the optimal number of topics. In the conclusions, we present a clear-cut power-law relation between the optimal number of topics and the analyzed sample size, and we formulate it in a form of a mathematical model.

Topic modeling, long texts and the best number of topics. Some Problems and solutions

Sbalchiero S.
;
2020

Abstract

The main aim of this article is to present the results of different experiments focused on the problem of model fitting process in topic modeling and its accuracy when applied to long texts. At the same time, in fact, the digital era has made available both enormous quantities of textual data and technological advances that have facilitated the development of techniques to automate the data coding and analysis processes. In the ambit of topic modeling, different procedures were born in order to analyze larger and larger collections of texts, namely corpora, but this has posed, and continues to pose, a series of methodological questions that urgently need to be resolved. Therefore, through a series of different experiments, this article is based on the following consideration: taking into account Latent Dirichlet Allocation (LDA), a generative probabilistic model (Blei et al. in J Mach Learn Res 3:993–1022, 2003; Blei and Lafferty in: Srivastava, Sahami (eds) Text mining: classification, clustering, and applications, Chapman & Hall/CRC Press, Cambridge, 2009; Griffiths and Steyvers in Proc Natl Acad Sci USA (PNAS), 101(Supplement 1):5228–5235, 2004), the problem of fitting model is crucial because the LDA algorithm demands that the number of topics is specified a priori. Needles to say, the number of topics to detect in a corpus is a parameter which affect the analysis results. Since there is a lack of experiments applied to long texts, our article tries to shed new light on the complex relationship between texts’ length and the optimal number of topics. In the conclusions, we present a clear-cut power-law relation between the optimal number of topics and the analyzed sample size, and we formulate it in a form of a mathematical model.
2020
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3386694
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