The manufacturing of non-stochastic (lattice) scaffolds by Direct Ink Writing is attractive for catalytic fluid flow applications, as it enables the optimization of not only the desired chemically active for- mulation but also of porosity, pore size, mechanical strength and permeability of the substrate. In this work, three types of geopolymer compositions containing sodium, potassium or a mixture of both were tested for the printing of lattices used as heterogeneous alkaline catalysts in the processing of fatty acid methyl esters (biodiesel). The rheology of the inks was studied and optimized before the printing pro- cess. The geometry chosen was a circular lattice with 24 mm diameter and 9.6 mm height, with shifted layers and 840 μm thick struts. The fabricated Na, K and Na + K bodies possessed open porosity val- ues of 58.3 ±0.02, 63.6 ±0.02 and 63.5 ±0.01 vol% and compressive strength of 4.1 ±1.2, 2.2 ±0.6 and 2.6 ±0.4 MPa, respectively. The catalytic activity for the transesterification of soybean oil was as- sessed and the biodiesel yield was quantified by GC-FID. High FAME contents (73.5, 85.3 and 71.3%) were achieved for the Na, K and Na-K lattices, respectively.

Additively manufactured geopolymer structured heterogeneous catalysts for biodiesel production

Botti, R.;Franchin, G.;Colombo, P.
2021

Abstract

The manufacturing of non-stochastic (lattice) scaffolds by Direct Ink Writing is attractive for catalytic fluid flow applications, as it enables the optimization of not only the desired chemically active for- mulation but also of porosity, pore size, mechanical strength and permeability of the substrate. In this work, three types of geopolymer compositions containing sodium, potassium or a mixture of both were tested for the printing of lattices used as heterogeneous alkaline catalysts in the processing of fatty acid methyl esters (biodiesel). The rheology of the inks was studied and optimized before the printing pro- cess. The geometry chosen was a circular lattice with 24 mm diameter and 9.6 mm height, with shifted layers and 840 μm thick struts. The fabricated Na, K and Na + K bodies possessed open porosity val- ues of 58.3 ±0.02, 63.6 ±0.02 and 63.5 ±0.01 vol% and compressive strength of 4.1 ±1.2, 2.2 ±0.6 and 2.6 ±0.4 MPa, respectively. The catalytic activity for the transesterification of soybean oil was as- sessed and the biodiesel yield was quantified by GC-FID. High FAME contents (73.5, 85.3 and 71.3%) were achieved for the Na, K and Na-K lattices, respectively.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3388421
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