SPIDER experiment is operating at the PRIMA site in Padova (I) since June 2018, with the aim of testing and optimizing the negative ion source prototype for ITER Heating Neutral Beam Injectors. In the first operational phase it was discovered that, as the in-vessel hydrogen pressure exceeds the design requirements, discharges occur on the back of the radio frequency source. A specific operational campaign allowed defining a threshold below which the discharge probability is strongly reduced. In order to extend the operational range of the source pressure above the nominal value, while a significant upgrade of the vacuum pumping system is designed and realized, it was decided to proceed with the SPIDER operations by applying a temporary solution. A mask was installed on the beam source plasma grid, closing most of its apertures, in order to reduce the gas conductance between the inside of the radio frequency source and the surrounding volume. At first only 80 over 1280 apertures are left open, with a specific layout properly arranged so as to guarantee the possibility to diagnose the beam characteristics and to evaluate its uniformity. In the paper the plasma grid masking system is described. Finally, an overview of the behavior of plasma grid mask during SPIDER operations is given.

SPIDER plasma grid masking for reducing gas conductance and pressure in the vacuum vessel

Gambetta G.;Pimazzoni A.;Sartori E.;Serianni G.;Tollin M.
2020

Abstract

SPIDER experiment is operating at the PRIMA site in Padova (I) since June 2018, with the aim of testing and optimizing the negative ion source prototype for ITER Heating Neutral Beam Injectors. In the first operational phase it was discovered that, as the in-vessel hydrogen pressure exceeds the design requirements, discharges occur on the back of the radio frequency source. A specific operational campaign allowed defining a threshold below which the discharge probability is strongly reduced. In order to extend the operational range of the source pressure above the nominal value, while a significant upgrade of the vacuum pumping system is designed and realized, it was decided to proceed with the SPIDER operations by applying a temporary solution. A mask was installed on the beam source plasma grid, closing most of its apertures, in order to reduce the gas conductance between the inside of the radio frequency source and the surrounding volume. At first only 80 over 1280 apertures are left open, with a specific layout properly arranged so as to guarantee the possibility to diagnose the beam characteristics and to evaluate its uniformity. In the paper the plasma grid masking system is described. Finally, an overview of the behavior of plasma grid mask during SPIDER operations is given.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3388695
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