This paper reports on the effect of cellulose nanofibrils (CNFs) on the fresh-state properties of alkali activated ground granulated blast-furnace slag (GGBS). Surface functionalized (oxidized) CNFs were added to alkali activated GGBS water suspensions (hydraulic pastes). The rheological behaviour of the pastes was compared with OPC and interpreted based on the CNF-mineral surface interaction, and on the CNF-water interaction and swelling. The water dispersion of CNFs with different surface functionalization degrees resulted in gels of different viscosity and yield stress, due to their different hydrophilicity and water adsorption properties. On increasing the CNFs surface oxidation degree, the viscosity of the CNF water dispersion decreases and the CNF water adsorption increases, while the viscosity of fresh pastes increases because of the reduced amount of available mixing water. In the hardened state, the hydraulic pastes show differences in mechanical strength related to the type and the amount of CNF influencing the porosity of the matrix as evidenced by the microstructural investigation performed by X-ray microtomography. The presence of higher amounts of CNFs induces the formation of porous agglomerates that may act as stress concentrators due to the swelling ability of nanofibrils.

Influence of cellulose nanofibrils on the rheology, microstructure and strength of alkali activated ground granulated blast-furnace slag: a comparison with ordinary Portland cement

Ez-zaki H.;Bellotto M.;Valentini L.;Garbin E.;Artioli G.
2021

Abstract

This paper reports on the effect of cellulose nanofibrils (CNFs) on the fresh-state properties of alkali activated ground granulated blast-furnace slag (GGBS). Surface functionalized (oxidized) CNFs were added to alkali activated GGBS water suspensions (hydraulic pastes). The rheological behaviour of the pastes was compared with OPC and interpreted based on the CNF-mineral surface interaction, and on the CNF-water interaction and swelling. The water dispersion of CNFs with different surface functionalization degrees resulted in gels of different viscosity and yield stress, due to their different hydrophilicity and water adsorption properties. On increasing the CNFs surface oxidation degree, the viscosity of the CNF water dispersion decreases and the CNF water adsorption increases, while the viscosity of fresh pastes increases because of the reduced amount of available mixing water. In the hardened state, the hydraulic pastes show differences in mechanical strength related to the type and the amount of CNF influencing the porosity of the matrix as evidenced by the microstructural investigation performed by X-ray microtomography. The presence of higher amounts of CNFs induces the formation of porous agglomerates that may act as stress concentrators due to the swelling ability of nanofibrils.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3389441
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