Ferroptosis is a non-accidental, regulated form of cell death operated by lipid peroxidation under strict control of GPx4 activity. This is consistent with the notion that lipid peroxidation is initiated by radicals produced from decomposition of traces of pre-existing lipid hydroperoxides. The question, therefore, emerges about the formation of these traces of lipid hydroperoxides interacting with Fe2+. In the most realistic option, they are produced by oxygen activated species generated during aerobic metabolism. Screening for metabolic sources of superoxide supporting ferroptosis induced by GSH depletion, we failed to detect, in our cell model, a role of respiratory chain. We observed instead that the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex -as other α keto acid dehydrogenases already known as a major source of superoxide in mitochondria- supports ferroptosis. The opposite effect on ferroptosis by silencing either the E1 or the E3 subunit of the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex pointed out the autoxidation of dihydrolipoamide as the source of superoxide. We finally observed that GSH depletion activates superoxide production, seemingly through the inhibition of the specific kinase that inhibits pyruvate dehydrogenase. In summary, this set of data is compatible with a scenario where the more electrophilic status produced by GSH depletion not only activates ferroptosis by preventing GPx4 activity, but also favors the formation of lipid hydroperoxides. In an attractive perspective of tissue homeostasis, it is the activation of energetic metabolism associated to a decreased nucleophilic tone that, besides supporting energy demanding proliferation, also sensitizes cells to a regulated form of death.

Aerobic pyruvate metabolism sensitizes cells to ferroptosis primed by GSH depletion

Venerando R.;Tibaldi E.;Bosello Travain V.;Roveri A.;Bordin L.;Miotto G.;Cozza G.;Toppo S.;Maiorino M.
;
Ursini F.
2021

Abstract

Ferroptosis is a non-accidental, regulated form of cell death operated by lipid peroxidation under strict control of GPx4 activity. This is consistent with the notion that lipid peroxidation is initiated by radicals produced from decomposition of traces of pre-existing lipid hydroperoxides. The question, therefore, emerges about the formation of these traces of lipid hydroperoxides interacting with Fe2+. In the most realistic option, they are produced by oxygen activated species generated during aerobic metabolism. Screening for metabolic sources of superoxide supporting ferroptosis induced by GSH depletion, we failed to detect, in our cell model, a role of respiratory chain. We observed instead that the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex -as other α keto acid dehydrogenases already known as a major source of superoxide in mitochondria- supports ferroptosis. The opposite effect on ferroptosis by silencing either the E1 or the E3 subunit of the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex pointed out the autoxidation of dihydrolipoamide as the source of superoxide. We finally observed that GSH depletion activates superoxide production, seemingly through the inhibition of the specific kinase that inhibits pyruvate dehydrogenase. In summary, this set of data is compatible with a scenario where the more electrophilic status produced by GSH depletion not only activates ferroptosis by preventing GPx4 activity, but also favors the formation of lipid hydroperoxides. In an attractive perspective of tissue homeostasis, it is the activation of energetic metabolism associated to a decreased nucleophilic tone that, besides supporting energy demanding proliferation, also sensitizes cells to a regulated form of death.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3390941
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