The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term efficacy and safety of 577-nm subthreshold micropulse laser (SMPL) treatment in a large population of patients affected by mild diabetic macular edema (DME) in a real-life setting. We retrospectively evaluated 134 eyes affected by previously untreated center-involving mild DME, and treated with 577-nm SMPL, using fixed parameters. Retreatment was performed at 3 months, in case of persistent retinal thickening. Optical coherence tomography (OCT), along with short and near-infrared fundus autofluorescence, were used to confirm long-term safety. At the end of at least one year follow-up, a significant improvement in visual acuity was documented, compared to baseline (77.3 +/- 4.5 and 79.4 +/- 4.4 ETDRS score at baseline and at final follow-up, respectively), as well as a reduction in the mean retinal thickness of the thickest ETDRS macular sector at baseline. A reduction in the central retinal thickness and the mean thickness of the nine ETDRS sectors was also found, without reaching statistical significance. No patients required intravitreal injections. No adverse effects were detected. This study suggests that 577-nm SMPL is a safe and repeatable treatment for mild DME that may be applied to real-life clinical settings using fixed parameters and protocols.

Diabetic Macular Edema Treated with 577-nm Subthreshold Micropulse Laser: A Real-Life, Long-Term Study

Frizziero, Luisa;Calciati, Andrea;Torresin, Tommaso;Midena, Giulia;Parrozzani, Raffaele;Pilotto, Elisabetta;Midena, Edoardo
2021

Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term efficacy and safety of 577-nm subthreshold micropulse laser (SMPL) treatment in a large population of patients affected by mild diabetic macular edema (DME) in a real-life setting. We retrospectively evaluated 134 eyes affected by previously untreated center-involving mild DME, and treated with 577-nm SMPL, using fixed parameters. Retreatment was performed at 3 months, in case of persistent retinal thickening. Optical coherence tomography (OCT), along with short and near-infrared fundus autofluorescence, were used to confirm long-term safety. At the end of at least one year follow-up, a significant improvement in visual acuity was documented, compared to baseline (77.3 +/- 4.5 and 79.4 +/- 4.4 ETDRS score at baseline and at final follow-up, respectively), as well as a reduction in the mean retinal thickness of the thickest ETDRS macular sector at baseline. A reduction in the central retinal thickness and the mean thickness of the nine ETDRS sectors was also found, without reaching statistical significance. No patients required intravitreal injections. No adverse effects were detected. This study suggests that 577-nm SMPL is a safe and repeatable treatment for mild DME that may be applied to real-life clinical settings using fixed parameters and protocols.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3391349
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