Simple SummarySolitary fibrous tumors arising from the bone are an extremely rare event and only few cases have been previously described in the literature. It is characterized by a prominent, branched vascularization, with a thin and dilated vascular texture defined as "staghorn" and by the presence of the NAB2-STAT6 gene rearrangement, present in about 90% of cases and considered a pathognomonic feature. In the present study, we described our series of 24 cases of primary solitary fibrous tumor of the bone to find any clinical and molecular prognostic factors and to compare them with those currently used for soft tissue solitary fibrous tumor and to evaluate the risk stratification system proposed by Demicco, in order to understand whether this system was able to correctly predict the risk of local and distant metastatic relapse even in the case of solitary fibrous tumor of the bone.Primary solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) of the bone is extremely rare, with only few cases reported in the literature. We retrieved all cases of primary SFT of the bone treated at our institution and we assessed the morphology and the immunohistochemical and molecular features to investigate the clinical outcome of primary SFT of the bone and any clinical relevance of clinical and histological criteria of aggressiveness currently adopted for the soft tissues counterpart. Morphologically, 15 cases evidenced high cellularity, cytologic atypia, and foci of necrosis and were associated with more than 4 mitotic figures/10 HPF. Immunohistochemical analysis showed an expression of CD34 and of STAT6 immunopositivity in 95% and in 100% of cases, respectively. The presence of NAB2-STAT6 chimeric transcripts was found in 10 out of 12 cases in which RT-PCR analysis was feasible, whereas TERT promoter mutations analysis was feasible in 16 cases and only a C-to-T substitution in a heterozygous state was found in one DNA sample for the C228T genetic variant. P53 variants were assessed in 12 cases: 11 (91.6%) cases showed a variation, while in one case, no alteration was found. Disease-specific survival was 64% at 5 years and 49% at 10 years. Statistical analysis showed no correlation between survival and all the clinicopathological and molecular parameters evaluated. In conclusion, at difference to SFT of soft tissues, aggressive behavior of primary SFT of the bone seems to be independent from mitotic count or any other clinicopathological and molecular features.

Clinical, Histological, and Molecular Features of Solitary Fibrous Tumor of Bone: A Single Institution Retrospective Review

Bianchi, Giuseppe;Sbaraglia, Marta;Dei Tos, Angelo Paolo;
2021

Abstract

Simple SummarySolitary fibrous tumors arising from the bone are an extremely rare event and only few cases have been previously described in the literature. It is characterized by a prominent, branched vascularization, with a thin and dilated vascular texture defined as "staghorn" and by the presence of the NAB2-STAT6 gene rearrangement, present in about 90% of cases and considered a pathognomonic feature. In the present study, we described our series of 24 cases of primary solitary fibrous tumor of the bone to find any clinical and molecular prognostic factors and to compare them with those currently used for soft tissue solitary fibrous tumor and to evaluate the risk stratification system proposed by Demicco, in order to understand whether this system was able to correctly predict the risk of local and distant metastatic relapse even in the case of solitary fibrous tumor of the bone.Primary solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) of the bone is extremely rare, with only few cases reported in the literature. We retrieved all cases of primary SFT of the bone treated at our institution and we assessed the morphology and the immunohistochemical and molecular features to investigate the clinical outcome of primary SFT of the bone and any clinical relevance of clinical and histological criteria of aggressiveness currently adopted for the soft tissues counterpart. Morphologically, 15 cases evidenced high cellularity, cytologic atypia, and foci of necrosis and were associated with more than 4 mitotic figures/10 HPF. Immunohistochemical analysis showed an expression of CD34 and of STAT6 immunopositivity in 95% and in 100% of cases, respectively. The presence of NAB2-STAT6 chimeric transcripts was found in 10 out of 12 cases in which RT-PCR analysis was feasible, whereas TERT promoter mutations analysis was feasible in 16 cases and only a C-to-T substitution in a heterozygous state was found in one DNA sample for the C228T genetic variant. P53 variants were assessed in 12 cases: 11 (91.6%) cases showed a variation, while in one case, no alteration was found. Disease-specific survival was 64% at 5 years and 49% at 10 years. Statistical analysis showed no correlation between survival and all the clinicopathological and molecular parameters evaluated. In conclusion, at difference to SFT of soft tissues, aggressive behavior of primary SFT of the bone seems to be independent from mitotic count or any other clinicopathological and molecular features.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3391569
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 4
social impact