Perianal fistulizing Crohn’s disease is a very disabling condition with poor quality of life. Patients with perianal fistulizing Crohn’s disease are also at risk of perianal fistula‐related squa-mous cell carcinoma (SCC). Cancer arising at the site of a chronic perianal fistula is rare in patients with Crohn’s disease and there is a paucity of data regarding its incidence, diagnosis and manage-ment. A systematic review of the literature was undertaken using Medline, Embase, Pubmed, Cochrane and Web of Science. Several small series have described sporadic cases with perianal cancer in Crohn’s disease. The incidence rate of SCC related to perianal fistula was very low (<1%). Prognosis was poor. Colorectal disease, chronic perianal disease and HPV infection were possible risk factors. Fistula‐related carcinoma in CD (Chron’s disease) can be very difficult to diagnose. Examination may be limited by pain, strictures and induration of the perianal tissues. HPV is an important risk factor with a particular carcinogenesis mechanism. MRI can help clinicians in diag-nosis. Examination under anesthesia is highly recommended when findings, a change in symptoms, or simply long‐standing disease in the perineum are present. Future studies are needed to under-stand the role of HPV vaccination in preventing fistula‐related cancer.

Fistula‐related cancer in Crohn’s disease: A systematic review

Kotsafti A.;Scarpa M.;Angriman I.;Castagliuolo I.;Caruso A.
2021

Abstract

Perianal fistulizing Crohn’s disease is a very disabling condition with poor quality of life. Patients with perianal fistulizing Crohn’s disease are also at risk of perianal fistula‐related squa-mous cell carcinoma (SCC). Cancer arising at the site of a chronic perianal fistula is rare in patients with Crohn’s disease and there is a paucity of data regarding its incidence, diagnosis and manage-ment. A systematic review of the literature was undertaken using Medline, Embase, Pubmed, Cochrane and Web of Science. Several small series have described sporadic cases with perianal cancer in Crohn’s disease. The incidence rate of SCC related to perianal fistula was very low (<1%). Prognosis was poor. Colorectal disease, chronic perianal disease and HPV infection were possible risk factors. Fistula‐related carcinoma in CD (Chron’s disease) can be very difficult to diagnose. Examination may be limited by pain, strictures and induration of the perianal tissues. HPV is an important risk factor with a particular carcinogenesis mechanism. MRI can help clinicians in diag-nosis. Examination under anesthesia is highly recommended when findings, a change in symptoms, or simply long‐standing disease in the perineum are present. Future studies are needed to under-stand the role of HPV vaccination in preventing fistula‐related cancer.
2021
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3392437
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