Introduction: Prolactin-secreting adenoma (PRLoma) can present as large and invasive neoplasm, with increased markers of cellular proliferation. First-line approach is Dopamine Agonists (DAs) treatment; however, DA-resistance has been reported, especially in male patients. Estrogens induce lactotroph cell replication and PRL secretion: the use of anti-estrogen treatment in patients with PRLoma have been described in few cases. We reported our experience regarding treatment with the aromatase inhibitor anastrozole (ANA) as add-on therapy for male patients with DA resistant PRLoma. Materials and methods: We describe four male patients (26, 38, 29 and 19 years old at diagnosis), with PRLoma (median diameter 26 mm, PRL 7730 μg/L). They were resistant to cabergoline (CAB, > 2 mg/week) in terms of PRL secretion and tumor size reduction. ANA 1 mg/day was added to the maximum tolerated dose of CAB for at least 1 year. Magnetic Resonance was performed at baseline, after 6 months of CAB + ANA combination and every 12 months afterward. Results: PRL levels decreased in all patients after CAB + ANA (mean - 70%, range - 44/- 97%), achieving a normalization of PRL levels in one case. Tumor size decreased in all cases (mean - 47%, range - 24.5/- 68%). No severe adverse effects have been reported, a moderate weight gain has been observed in two cases. Conclusions: Addition of an aromatase inhibitor (ANA) to the dopamine agonist therapy improved the control of prolactin levels and induced tumour regression.

Anastrozole as add-on therapy for cabergoline-resistant prolactin-secreting pituitary adenomas: real-life experience in male patients

Ceccato, Filippo
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Lizzul, Laura
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Voltan, Giacomo
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Barbot, Mattia
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Scaroni, Carla
Writing – Review & Editing
2021

Abstract

Introduction: Prolactin-secreting adenoma (PRLoma) can present as large and invasive neoplasm, with increased markers of cellular proliferation. First-line approach is Dopamine Agonists (DAs) treatment; however, DA-resistance has been reported, especially in male patients. Estrogens induce lactotroph cell replication and PRL secretion: the use of anti-estrogen treatment in patients with PRLoma have been described in few cases. We reported our experience regarding treatment with the aromatase inhibitor anastrozole (ANA) as add-on therapy for male patients with DA resistant PRLoma. Materials and methods: We describe four male patients (26, 38, 29 and 19 years old at diagnosis), with PRLoma (median diameter 26 mm, PRL 7730 μg/L). They were resistant to cabergoline (CAB, > 2 mg/week) in terms of PRL secretion and tumor size reduction. ANA 1 mg/day was added to the maximum tolerated dose of CAB for at least 1 year. Magnetic Resonance was performed at baseline, after 6 months of CAB + ANA combination and every 12 months afterward. Results: PRL levels decreased in all patients after CAB + ANA (mean - 70%, range - 44/- 97%), achieving a normalization of PRL levels in one case. Tumor size decreased in all cases (mean - 47%, range - 24.5/- 68%). No severe adverse effects have been reported, a moderate weight gain has been observed in two cases. Conclusions: Addition of an aromatase inhibitor (ANA) to the dopamine agonist therapy improved the control of prolactin levels and induced tumour regression.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/3394326
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