Background: Anticancer drugs are notoriously characterized by a low therapeutic index, the introduction of therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) in oncologic clinical practice could therefore be fundamental to improve treatment efficacy. In this context, an attractive technique to overcome the conventional venous sampling limits and simplify TDM application is represented by dried blood spot (DBS). Despite the significant progress made in bioanalysis exploiting DBS, there is still the need to tackle some challenges that limit the application of this technology: one of the main issues is the comparison of drug concentrations obtained from DBS with those obtained from reference matrix (e.g., plasma). In fact, the use of DBS assays to estimate plasma concentrations is highly dependent on the chemical-physical characteristics of the measured analyte, in particular on how these properties determine the drug partition in whole blood. Methods: In the present review, we introduce a critical investigation of the DBS-to-plasma concentration conversion methods proposed in the last ten years and applied to quantitative bioanalysis of anticancer drugs in DBS matrix. To prove the concordance between DBS and plasma concentration, the results of statistical tests applied and the presence or absence of trends or biases were also considered.

Dried Blood Spot Technique Applied in Therapeutic Drug Monitoring of Anticancer Drugs: a Review on Conversion Methods to Correlate Plasma and Dried Blood Spot Concentrations

Posocco B.;Gagno S.;Poetto A. S.;
2021

Abstract

Background: Anticancer drugs are notoriously characterized by a low therapeutic index, the introduction of therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) in oncologic clinical practice could therefore be fundamental to improve treatment efficacy. In this context, an attractive technique to overcome the conventional venous sampling limits and simplify TDM application is represented by dried blood spot (DBS). Despite the significant progress made in bioanalysis exploiting DBS, there is still the need to tackle some challenges that limit the application of this technology: one of the main issues is the comparison of drug concentrations obtained from DBS with those obtained from reference matrix (e.g., plasma). In fact, the use of DBS assays to estimate plasma concentrations is highly dependent on the chemical-physical characteristics of the measured analyte, in particular on how these properties determine the drug partition in whole blood. Methods: In the present review, we introduce a critical investigation of the DBS-to-plasma concentration conversion methods proposed in the last ten years and applied to quantitative bioanalysis of anticancer drugs in DBS matrix. To prove the concordance between DBS and plasma concentration, the results of statistical tests applied and the presence or absence of trends or biases were also considered.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3394943
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