Widened pulse pressure is a classic sign of significant left-to-right shunting patent ductus arteriosus (PDA), but little evidence supports this statement in the early life of premature infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) needing nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), the pharmacological treatment for PDA. Pulse pressure and urinary endothelin-1 (ET-1) and arginine vasopressin (AVP) vasoactive factors involved in the transitional circulation were measured before and after the NSAIDs treatment of 46 RDS premature infants receiving either ibuprofen (n = 22) or indomethacin (n = 24), with 28 responders and 18 nonresponders to the first NSAIDs course. We found that following pharmacological PDA closure, systolic and diastolic blood pressure significantly increased, maintaining a stable pulse pressure. However, when pharmacological closure failed, the trend (nonsignificant) was for a more consistent increase in systolic than in diastolic blood pressure, which determined a statistically significant widening pulse pressure. In addition, urinary ET-1 excretion rates decreased significantly after PDA closure, whereas persistent more aggressive pharmacological therapy failed. Urinary AVP excretion rates decreased insignificantly after therapy, uninfluenced by the efficacy of the drugs. We concluded that widened pulse pressure is a clinical sign of failed PDA pharmacological closure in RDS premature infants. ET-1 levels remain elevated when NSAIDs fail to interrupt left-to-right PDA shunting that complicates recovery from RDS. Copyright © 2008 by Thieme Medical Publishers, Inc.

Pharmacological closure of patent ductus arteriosus: Effects on pulse pressure and on endothelin-1 and vasopressin excretion

Zanardo V.;Chiozza L.;Faggian D.;Trevisanuto D.
2008

Abstract

Widened pulse pressure is a classic sign of significant left-to-right shunting patent ductus arteriosus (PDA), but little evidence supports this statement in the early life of premature infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) needing nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), the pharmacological treatment for PDA. Pulse pressure and urinary endothelin-1 (ET-1) and arginine vasopressin (AVP) vasoactive factors involved in the transitional circulation were measured before and after the NSAIDs treatment of 46 RDS premature infants receiving either ibuprofen (n = 22) or indomethacin (n = 24), with 28 responders and 18 nonresponders to the first NSAIDs course. We found that following pharmacological PDA closure, systolic and diastolic blood pressure significantly increased, maintaining a stable pulse pressure. However, when pharmacological closure failed, the trend (nonsignificant) was for a more consistent increase in systolic than in diastolic blood pressure, which determined a statistically significant widening pulse pressure. In addition, urinary ET-1 excretion rates decreased significantly after PDA closure, whereas persistent more aggressive pharmacological therapy failed. Urinary AVP excretion rates decreased insignificantly after therapy, uninfluenced by the efficacy of the drugs. We concluded that widened pulse pressure is a clinical sign of failed PDA pharmacological closure in RDS premature infants. ET-1 levels remain elevated when NSAIDs fail to interrupt left-to-right PDA shunting that complicates recovery from RDS. Copyright © 2008 by Thieme Medical Publishers, Inc.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3396704
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