Background. The influence of delivery room resuscitation practice on neonatal breastfeeding pattern is largely not data driven, and clinical experience is insufficient to indicate the impact of available management methods. Aim. This cohort observational study investigated weather laryngeal mask airway LMA rather conventional positive pressure resuscitation devices, face mask FM, or endotracheal-tube ETT would influence breastfeeding pattern in the near-term infants triaged to regular newborn nursery. Methods. We identified through 18,641 birth records from 2002 to 2006, 921 4.9 records of near-term infants of 3436 67 weeks' gestation, 710 77.1 triaged to regular newborn nursery. Among those, 52710 7.3 required positive pressure resuscitation at birth, inclusive of LMA 29, 55.7, bag-face mask FM, 19, 36.5, and endo-tracheal tube ETT, 4, 7.6, respectively. Fifty non-resuscitated near-term infants were used as controls. Results. Anthropometrical and clinical characteristics of resuscitated near-term study groups were comparable to controls. LMA was more frequently employed at birth to resuscitate near-term infants triaged to regular newborn nursery OR; 95 CI 17.16; 5.3455.14, whereas ETT was less frequently utilized OR; 95 CI 0.11; 0.020.55. Although LMA and ETT resuscitation methods did not influence breastfeeding rate at discharge with respect to controls, FM resuscitation was associated with both the lowest breastfeeding rate OR; 95 CI 3.20; 1.079.57 and the more frequently formula-feeding OR; 95 CI 7.23; 1.5832.92, and bottle-feeding use OR; 95 CI 4.20; 1.3013.49 at discharge. Conclusion. LMA is an effective and safe alternative to more conventional forms of airway management in near-term infants needing resuscitation at birth. Other studies are needed to clarify the potential advantages of the LMA on breastfeeding. © 2009 Informa UK Ltd.

Breastfeeding the 'healthy' near-term infants after laryngeal mask airway or traditional resuscitation methods

Zanardo V.;Trevisanuto D.;Micaglio M.
2009

Abstract

Background. The influence of delivery room resuscitation practice on neonatal breastfeeding pattern is largely not data driven, and clinical experience is insufficient to indicate the impact of available management methods. Aim. This cohort observational study investigated weather laryngeal mask airway LMA rather conventional positive pressure resuscitation devices, face mask FM, or endotracheal-tube ETT would influence breastfeeding pattern in the near-term infants triaged to regular newborn nursery. Methods. We identified through 18,641 birth records from 2002 to 2006, 921 4.9 records of near-term infants of 3436 67 weeks' gestation, 710 77.1 triaged to regular newborn nursery. Among those, 52710 7.3 required positive pressure resuscitation at birth, inclusive of LMA 29, 55.7, bag-face mask FM, 19, 36.5, and endo-tracheal tube ETT, 4, 7.6, respectively. Fifty non-resuscitated near-term infants were used as controls. Results. Anthropometrical and clinical characteristics of resuscitated near-term study groups were comparable to controls. LMA was more frequently employed at birth to resuscitate near-term infants triaged to regular newborn nursery OR; 95 CI 17.16; 5.3455.14, whereas ETT was less frequently utilized OR; 95 CI 0.11; 0.020.55. Although LMA and ETT resuscitation methods did not influence breastfeeding rate at discharge with respect to controls, FM resuscitation was associated with both the lowest breastfeeding rate OR; 95 CI 3.20; 1.079.57 and the more frequently formula-feeding OR; 95 CI 7.23; 1.5832.92, and bottle-feeding use OR; 95 CI 4.20; 1.3013.49 at discharge. Conclusion. LMA is an effective and safe alternative to more conventional forms of airway management in near-term infants needing resuscitation at birth. Other studies are needed to clarify the potential advantages of the LMA on breastfeeding. © 2009 Informa UK Ltd.
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