Background Air leak is themost common complication after lung resection and leads to increased length of hospital (LOH) stay or patient discharge with a chest tube. Management by autologous blood patch pleurodesis (ABPP) is controversial because few studies exist, and the technique has yet to be standardized. Methods We retrospectively reviewed patients undergoing ABPP for prolonged air leak (PAL) following lobectomy in three centers, between January 2014 and December 2019. They were divided into two groups: Group A, 120 mL of blood infused; Group B, 60 mL. Propensity score-matched (PSM) analysis was performed, and 23 patients were included in each group. Numbers and success rates of blood patch, time to cessation of air leak, time to chest tube removal, reoperation, LOH, and complications were examined. Univariate and multivariate analysis of variables associated with an increased risk of air leak was performed. Results After the PSM, 120mL of blood is statistically significant in reducing the number of days before chest tube removal after ABPP (2.78 vs. 4.35), LOH after ABPP (3.78 vs. 10.00), and LOH (8.78 vs. 15.17). Complications (0 vs. 4) and hours until air leak cessation (6.83 vs. 3.91, range 1-13) after ABPP were also statistically different (p<0.05). Air leaks that persisted for up to 13 hours required another ABPP. No patient had re-operation or long-term complications related to pleurodesis. Conclusion In our experience, 120mL is the optimal amount of blood and the procedure can be repeated every 24 hours with the chest tube clamped.

Autologous blood pleurodesis: What is the optimal time interval and amount of blood?

Dell'Amore A.;Faccioli E.;Rea F.;
2021

Abstract

Background Air leak is themost common complication after lung resection and leads to increased length of hospital (LOH) stay or patient discharge with a chest tube. Management by autologous blood patch pleurodesis (ABPP) is controversial because few studies exist, and the technique has yet to be standardized. Methods We retrospectively reviewed patients undergoing ABPP for prolonged air leak (PAL) following lobectomy in three centers, between January 2014 and December 2019. They were divided into two groups: Group A, 120 mL of blood infused; Group B, 60 mL. Propensity score-matched (PSM) analysis was performed, and 23 patients were included in each group. Numbers and success rates of blood patch, time to cessation of air leak, time to chest tube removal, reoperation, LOH, and complications were examined. Univariate and multivariate analysis of variables associated with an increased risk of air leak was performed. Results After the PSM, 120mL of blood is statistically significant in reducing the number of days before chest tube removal after ABPP (2.78 vs. 4.35), LOH after ABPP (3.78 vs. 10.00), and LOH (8.78 vs. 15.17). Complications (0 vs. 4) and hours until air leak cessation (6.83 vs. 3.91, range 1-13) after ABPP were also statistically different (p<0.05). Air leaks that persisted for up to 13 hours required another ABPP. No patient had re-operation or long-term complications related to pleurodesis. Conclusion In our experience, 120mL is the optimal amount of blood and the procedure can be repeated every 24 hours with the chest tube clamped.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.
Pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3396854
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus 2
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 2
social impact