Purpose: The genetic architecture of Plakophilin 2 (PKP2) cardiomyopathy can inform our understanding of its variant pathogenicity and protein function. Methods: We assess the gene-wide and regional association of truncating and missense variants in PKP2 with arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy (ACM), and arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) specifically. A discovery data set compares genetic testing requisitions to gnomAD. Validation is performed in a rigorously phenotyped definite ARVC cohort and non-ACM individuals in the Geisinger MyCode cohort. Results: The etiologic fraction (EF) of ACM-related diagnoses from truncating variants in PKP2 is significant (0.85 [0.80,0.88], p < 2 × 10−16), increases for ARVC specifically (EF = 0.96 [0.94,0.97], p < 2 × 10−16), and is highest in definite ARVC versus non-ACM individuals (EF = 1.00 [1.00,1.00], p < 2 × 10−16). Regions of missense variation enriched for ACM probands include known functional domains and the C-terminus, which was not previously known to contain a functional domain. No regional enrichment was identified for truncating variants. Conclusion: This multicohort evaluation of the genetic architecture of PKP2 demonstrates the specificity of PKP2 truncating variants for ARVC within the ACM disease spectrum. We identify the PKP2 C-terminus as a potential functional domain and find that truncating variants likely cause disease irrespective of transcript position.

The genetic architecture of Plakophilin 2 cardiomyopathy

Pilichou K.;Bauce B.;Celeghin R.;Basso C.;
2021

Abstract

Purpose: The genetic architecture of Plakophilin 2 (PKP2) cardiomyopathy can inform our understanding of its variant pathogenicity and protein function. Methods: We assess the gene-wide and regional association of truncating and missense variants in PKP2 with arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy (ACM), and arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) specifically. A discovery data set compares genetic testing requisitions to gnomAD. Validation is performed in a rigorously phenotyped definite ARVC cohort and non-ACM individuals in the Geisinger MyCode cohort. Results: The etiologic fraction (EF) of ACM-related diagnoses from truncating variants in PKP2 is significant (0.85 [0.80,0.88], p < 2 × 10−16), increases for ARVC specifically (EF = 0.96 [0.94,0.97], p < 2 × 10−16), and is highest in definite ARVC versus non-ACM individuals (EF = 1.00 [1.00,1.00], p < 2 × 10−16). Regions of missense variation enriched for ACM probands include known functional domains and the C-terminus, which was not previously known to contain a functional domain. No regional enrichment was identified for truncating variants. Conclusion: This multicohort evaluation of the genetic architecture of PKP2 demonstrates the specificity of PKP2 truncating variants for ARVC within the ACM disease spectrum. We identify the PKP2 C-terminus as a potential functional domain and find that truncating variants likely cause disease irrespective of transcript position.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3397816
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