Our study investigated the inbreeding load for fertility traits in the Italian Brown Swiss dairy cattle breed. Fertility traits included continuous traits (i.e., interval from calving to first service, days open, and calving interval) and categorical traits (i.e., calving rate at first insemination and nonreturn date at d 56). We included only records of the first 3 parities of cows that calved between 2010 and 2018. We traced up the pedigree of the cows with records as far as possible, ending up with a total of 73,246 animals. The final data set consisted of 59,864 records from 34,921 cows. We analyzed all models using a Bayesian approach that included a covariate with total inbreeding in addition to systematic, permanent environment, additive genetic, and inbreeding load effects. We then evaluated the trends in heritabilities and ratios of the inbreeding load using a continuum of partial inbreeding coefficients from 0.001 to 0.100 as reference. Posterior estimates of heritabilities tended to decrease across the continuum, whereas ratios of the inbreeding load tended to increase, more noticeably in categorical traits (calving rate at first insemination and nonreturn date at d 56). From the results obtained, we confirmed the presence of heterogeneity in inbreeding depression. We then predicted the inbreeding load effects, which had a low reliability of prediction, explained by having only 513 ancestors generating inbreeding. However, reliability of prediction was high enough for some of the individuals, obtaining a favorable prediction of inbreeding load for a relevant percentage, which improved the phenotypic performance of their inbred descendants. These results make it feasible to implement breeding and management strategies that select ancestors with a favorable inbreeding load prediction. In addition, it opens the possibility to define a global index for the expected consequences of the inbreeding generated by each individual.

Bayesian inference of the inbreeding load variance for fertility traits in Brown Swiss cattle

Martinez Castillero M.;Pegolo S.
;
Cecchinato A.
2021

Abstract

Our study investigated the inbreeding load for fertility traits in the Italian Brown Swiss dairy cattle breed. Fertility traits included continuous traits (i.e., interval from calving to first service, days open, and calving interval) and categorical traits (i.e., calving rate at first insemination and nonreturn date at d 56). We included only records of the first 3 parities of cows that calved between 2010 and 2018. We traced up the pedigree of the cows with records as far as possible, ending up with a total of 73,246 animals. The final data set consisted of 59,864 records from 34,921 cows. We analyzed all models using a Bayesian approach that included a covariate with total inbreeding in addition to systematic, permanent environment, additive genetic, and inbreeding load effects. We then evaluated the trends in heritabilities and ratios of the inbreeding load using a continuum of partial inbreeding coefficients from 0.001 to 0.100 as reference. Posterior estimates of heritabilities tended to decrease across the continuum, whereas ratios of the inbreeding load tended to increase, more noticeably in categorical traits (calving rate at first insemination and nonreturn date at d 56). From the results obtained, we confirmed the presence of heterogeneity in inbreeding depression. We then predicted the inbreeding load effects, which had a low reliability of prediction, explained by having only 513 ancestors generating inbreeding. However, reliability of prediction was high enough for some of the individuals, obtaining a favorable prediction of inbreeding load for a relevant percentage, which improved the phenotypic performance of their inbred descendants. These results make it feasible to implement breeding and management strategies that select ancestors with a favorable inbreeding load prediction. In addition, it opens the possibility to define a global index for the expected consequences of the inbreeding generated by each individual.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/3398586
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