The STAT3 transcription factor, acting both in the nucleus and mitochondria, maintains embryonic stem cell pluripotency and promotes their proliferation. In this work, using zebrafish, we determined in vivo that mitochondrial STAT3 regulates mtDNA transcription in embryonic and larval stem cell niches and that this activity affects their proliferation rates. As a result, we demonstrated that STAT3 import inside mitochondria requires Y705 phosphorylation by Jak, while its mitochondrial transcriptional activity, as well as its effect on proliferation, depends on the MAPK target S727. These data were confirmed using mouse embryonic stem cells: while the Y705 mutated STAT3 cannot enter mitochondria, the S727 mutation does not affect the import in the organelle and is responsible for STAT3-dependent mitochondrial transcription. Surprisingly, STAT3-dependent increase of mitochondrial transcription seems independent from STAT3 binding to STAT3 responsive elements. Finally, loss of function experiments, with chemical inhibition of the JAK/STAT3 pathway or genetic ablation of stat3 gene, demonstrated that STAT3 is also required for cell proliferation in the intestine of zebrafish.

Y705 and S727 are required for mitochondrial import and transcriptional activities of STAT3 and regulate proliferation of embryonic and tissue stem cells

Margherita Peron
Conceptualization
;
Alberto Dinarello
Investigation
;
Giacomo Meneghetti
Investigation
;
Laura Martorano
Investigation
;
Riccardo M. Betto
Investigation
;
Nicola Facchinello
Investigation
;
Annachiara Tesoriere
Investigation
;
Natascia Tiso
Resources
;
Graziano Martello
Supervision
;
Francesco Argenton
Supervision
2021

Abstract

The STAT3 transcription factor, acting both in the nucleus and mitochondria, maintains embryonic stem cell pluripotency and promotes their proliferation. In this work, using zebrafish, we determined in vivo that mitochondrial STAT3 regulates mtDNA transcription in embryonic and larval stem cell niches and that this activity affects their proliferation rates. As a result, we demonstrated that STAT3 import inside mitochondria requires Y705 phosphorylation by Jak, while its mitochondrial transcriptional activity, as well as its effect on proliferation, depends on the MAPK target S727. These data were confirmed using mouse embryonic stem cells: while the Y705 mutated STAT3 cannot enter mitochondria, the S727 mutation does not affect the import in the organelle and is responsible for STAT3-dependent mitochondrial transcription. Surprisingly, STAT3-dependent increase of mitochondrial transcription seems independent from STAT3 binding to STAT3 responsive elements. Finally, loss of function experiments, with chemical inhibition of the JAK/STAT3 pathway or genetic ablation of stat3 gene, demonstrated that STAT3 is also required for cell proliferation in the intestine of zebrafish.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/3398652
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