Self-limited focal epilepsy of childhood (SFEC) is often related to mild impairments in several neuropsychological domains, including cognitive flexibility, which is generally considered a process requiring volition and attention. However, recent evidence showed that it can be implicitly adjusted exploiting simple ‘stimulus-response’ associations as for example, the probability of the stimulus occurrence. Here, we evaluated the capability to implicitly extract environmental patterns of regularities and use them to flexibly adjust proactive control motor control. We tested 21 children with epilepsy (total IQ > 80; 13 with Childhood epilepsy with centro-temporal spikes, 8 with Panayiotopoulos syndrome (PS); 5–13 years old) compared to a healthy age-matched control group (32 participants). We used the Dynamic Temporal Prediction (DTP) task to investigate how behavioral performance is implicitly shaped by the manipulation of the stimulus occurrence probability over time. We recorded EEG to identify neural markers to differentiate the two groups. SFEC group showed a reduction in accuracy (p = .0013) and response speed (p < .001) as well as an absence of response adjustment (p = .65) in relation to the implicit changes in stimulus probability occurrence, in comparison to the control group. The epilepsy group performance in the DTP showed a significant correlation with the phonemic fluency (r = −0.50) and the Perseverations index of the CPT test (r = 0.53). Finally, children with SFEC did not show the modulation of the contingent negative variation (CNV) evoked potential. Overall, children with SFEC showed poor implicit flexibility compared to a control group. This pattern is individually related to high-level executive function, suggesting to extend neuropsychological assessment to the implicit domain.

Implicit cognitive flexibility in self-limited focal epilepsy of childhood: An HD-EEG study

Duma G. M.
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Morao V.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Da Rold M.
Investigation
;
Toffoli L.
Data Curation
;
Bonanni P.
Supervision
;
Mento G.
Project Administration
2021

Abstract

Self-limited focal epilepsy of childhood (SFEC) is often related to mild impairments in several neuropsychological domains, including cognitive flexibility, which is generally considered a process requiring volition and attention. However, recent evidence showed that it can be implicitly adjusted exploiting simple ‘stimulus-response’ associations as for example, the probability of the stimulus occurrence. Here, we evaluated the capability to implicitly extract environmental patterns of regularities and use them to flexibly adjust proactive control motor control. We tested 21 children with epilepsy (total IQ > 80; 13 with Childhood epilepsy with centro-temporal spikes, 8 with Panayiotopoulos syndrome (PS); 5–13 years old) compared to a healthy age-matched control group (32 participants). We used the Dynamic Temporal Prediction (DTP) task to investigate how behavioral performance is implicitly shaped by the manipulation of the stimulus occurrence probability over time. We recorded EEG to identify neural markers to differentiate the two groups. SFEC group showed a reduction in accuracy (p = .0013) and response speed (p < .001) as well as an absence of response adjustment (p = .65) in relation to the implicit changes in stimulus probability occurrence, in comparison to the control group. The epilepsy group performance in the DTP showed a significant correlation with the phonemic fluency (r = −0.50) and the Perseverations index of the CPT test (r = 0.53). Finally, children with SFEC did not show the modulation of the contingent negative variation (CNV) evoked potential. Overall, children with SFEC showed poor implicit flexibility compared to a control group. This pattern is individually related to high-level executive function, suggesting to extend neuropsychological assessment to the implicit domain.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/3399330
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