BCL2-associated athanogene-1 (BAG1) is a multi-functional protein that is found deregulated in several solid cancers and in paediatric acute myeloid leukaemia. The investigation of BAG1 isoforms expression and intracellular localization in B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (B-ALL) patient-derived specimens revealed that BAG1 levels decrease during disease remission, compared to diagnosis, but drastically increase at relapse. In particular, at diagnosis both BAG1-L and BAG1-M isoforms are mainly nuclear, while during remission the localization pattern changes, having BAG1-M almost exclusively in the cytosol indicating its potential cytoprotective role in B-ALL. In addition, knockdown of BAG1/BAG3 induces cell apoptosis and G1-phase cell cycle arrest and, more intriguingly, shapes cell response to chemotherapy. BAG1-depleted cells show an increased sensitivity to the common chemotherapeutic agents, dexamethasone or daunorubicin, and to the BCL2 inhibitor ABT-737. Moreover, the BAG1 inhibitor Thio-2 induces a cytotoxic effect on RS4;11 cells both in vitro and in a zebrafish xenograft model and strongly synergizes with pan-BCL inhibitors. Collectively, these data sustain BAG1 deregulation as a critical event in assuring survival advantage to B-ALL cells.

BAG1 down-regulation increases chemo-sensitivity of acute lymphoblastic leukaemia cells

Mariotto E.;Corallo D.;Giarin E.;Pigazzi M.;Basso G.;Viola G.;Aveic S.
2021

Abstract

BCL2-associated athanogene-1 (BAG1) is a multi-functional protein that is found deregulated in several solid cancers and in paediatric acute myeloid leukaemia. The investigation of BAG1 isoforms expression and intracellular localization in B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (B-ALL) patient-derived specimens revealed that BAG1 levels decrease during disease remission, compared to diagnosis, but drastically increase at relapse. In particular, at diagnosis both BAG1-L and BAG1-M isoforms are mainly nuclear, while during remission the localization pattern changes, having BAG1-M almost exclusively in the cytosol indicating its potential cytoprotective role in B-ALL. In addition, knockdown of BAG1/BAG3 induces cell apoptosis and G1-phase cell cycle arrest and, more intriguingly, shapes cell response to chemotherapy. BAG1-depleted cells show an increased sensitivity to the common chemotherapeutic agents, dexamethasone or daunorubicin, and to the BCL2 inhibitor ABT-737. Moreover, the BAG1 inhibitor Thio-2 induces a cytotoxic effect on RS4;11 cells both in vitro and in a zebrafish xenograft model and strongly synergizes with pan-BCL inhibitors. Collectively, these data sustain BAG1 deregulation as a critical event in assuring survival advantage to B-ALL cells.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/3399431
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