Surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) is an ideal technique for environmental and biomedical sensor devices due to not only the highly informative vibrational features but also to its ultrasensitive nature and possibilities toward quantitative assays. Moreover, in these areas, SERS is especially useful as water hinders most of the spectroscopic techniques such as those based on IR absorption. Despite its promising possibilities, most SERS substrates and technological frameworks for SERS detection are still restricted to research laboratories, mainly due to a lack of robust technologies and standardized protocols. We present herein the implementation of Janus magnetic/plasmonic Fe3O4/Au nanostars (JMNSs) as SERS colloidal substrates for the quantitative determination of several analytes. This multifunctional substrate enables the application of an external magnetic field for JMNSs retention at a specific position within a microfluidic channel, leading to additional amplification of the SERS signals. A microfluidic device was devised and 3D printed as a demonstration of cheap and fast production, with the potential for large-scale implementation. As low as 100 μL of sample was sufficient to obtain results in 30 min, and the chip could be reused for several cycles. To show the potential and versatility of the sensing system, JMNSs were exploited with the microfluidic device for the detection of several relevant analytes showing increasing analytical difficulty, including the comparative detection of p-mercaptobenzoic acid and crystal violet and the quantitative detection of the herbicide flumioxazin and the anticancer drug erlotinib in plasma, where calibration curves within diagnostic concentration intervals were obtained.

3D Printed Microfluidic Device for Magnetic Trapping and SERS Quantitative Evaluation of Environmental and Biomedical Analytes

Litti L.
;
Trivini S.;Ferraro D.;
2021

Abstract

Surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) is an ideal technique for environmental and biomedical sensor devices due to not only the highly informative vibrational features but also to its ultrasensitive nature and possibilities toward quantitative assays. Moreover, in these areas, SERS is especially useful as water hinders most of the spectroscopic techniques such as those based on IR absorption. Despite its promising possibilities, most SERS substrates and technological frameworks for SERS detection are still restricted to research laboratories, mainly due to a lack of robust technologies and standardized protocols. We present herein the implementation of Janus magnetic/plasmonic Fe3O4/Au nanostars (JMNSs) as SERS colloidal substrates for the quantitative determination of several analytes. This multifunctional substrate enables the application of an external magnetic field for JMNSs retention at a specific position within a microfluidic channel, leading to additional amplification of the SERS signals. A microfluidic device was devised and 3D printed as a demonstration of cheap and fast production, with the potential for large-scale implementation. As low as 100 μL of sample was sufficient to obtain results in 30 min, and the chip could be reused for several cycles. To show the potential and versatility of the sensing system, JMNSs were exploited with the microfluidic device for the detection of several relevant analytes showing increasing analytical difficulty, including the comparative detection of p-mercaptobenzoic acid and crystal violet and the quantitative detection of the herbicide flumioxazin and the anticancer drug erlotinib in plasma, where calibration curves within diagnostic concentration intervals were obtained.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
acsami.1c09771.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: Published (publisher's version)
Licenza: Creative commons
Dimensione 3.3 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
3.3 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri
Pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3399945
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 3
  • Scopus 26
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 21
social impact