Purpose: A dysfunction of beta oscillatory activity is the neurophysiological hallmark of Parkinson disease (PD). How cortical activity reacts to external perturbations may provide insight into pathophysiological mechanisms. This study aims at identifying modifications in EEG rhythms after transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) in PD. We hypothesize that single-pulse TMS can modulate brain intrinsic oscillatory properties (e.g., beta excess). Methods: EEG data were coregistered during single-pulse TMS (100 stimuli over the primary motor cortex [M1, hotspot for Abductor Pollicis Brevis], random intertrial interval from 8 to 13 seconds). We used a time-frequency analysis based on wavelet method to characterize modification of oscillatory rhythms (delta [1-4 Hz], theta [4-7 Hz], alpha [8-12 Hz], and beta [13-30 Hz] in 15 participants with PD compared with 10 healthy controls. Results: An increase in beta power over the sensorimotor areas was recorded at rest in the PD group (P < 0.05). Brain oscillations in PD transiently reset after TMS: beta power over M1 becomes comparable to that recorded in aged-matched healthy subjects in the 2 seconds following TMS. Conclusions: Transcranial magnetic stimulation over the dominant motor cortex transiently normalizes cortical oscillations. More user-friendly noninvasive brain stimulation needs to be trialed, based on this proof of concept, to provide practical, portable techniques to treat motor symptoms in PD.

Oscillatory EEG-TMS Reactivity in Parkinson Disease

Formaggio, Emanuela;Tonellato, Michele;Antonini, Angelo;Castiglia, Leonora;Gallo, Laura;Masiero, Stefano;Del Felice, Alessandra
2021

Abstract

Purpose: A dysfunction of beta oscillatory activity is the neurophysiological hallmark of Parkinson disease (PD). How cortical activity reacts to external perturbations may provide insight into pathophysiological mechanisms. This study aims at identifying modifications in EEG rhythms after transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) in PD. We hypothesize that single-pulse TMS can modulate brain intrinsic oscillatory properties (e.g., beta excess). Methods: EEG data were coregistered during single-pulse TMS (100 stimuli over the primary motor cortex [M1, hotspot for Abductor Pollicis Brevis], random intertrial interval from 8 to 13 seconds). We used a time-frequency analysis based on wavelet method to characterize modification of oscillatory rhythms (delta [1-4 Hz], theta [4-7 Hz], alpha [8-12 Hz], and beta [13-30 Hz] in 15 participants with PD compared with 10 healthy controls. Results: An increase in beta power over the sensorimotor areas was recorded at rest in the PD group (P < 0.05). Brain oscillations in PD transiently reset after TMS: beta power over M1 becomes comparable to that recorded in aged-matched healthy subjects in the 2 seconds following TMS. Conclusions: Transcranial magnetic stimulation over the dominant motor cortex transiently normalizes cortical oscillations. More user-friendly noninvasive brain stimulation needs to be trialed, based on this proof of concept, to provide practical, portable techniques to treat motor symptoms in PD.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/3402078
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