Purpose Modular megaprostheses have widely replaced allografts, as a reconstructive option; however, failures of these devices remain high. Aim of this study was to analyze outcomes, survival of the implants, incidence and types of complica- tions with Mutars modular endoprostheses at long term. Methods Between 2000 and 2019, 187 Mutars prostheses were implanted in two dedicated centers: 72 upper limbs and 115 lower limbs reconstructions. Diagnoses included 107 primary malignant bone or soft tissue tumors, 65 metastases, 8 benign bone tumors and 7 non-oncologic cases. Silver-coated prostheses were used in 118/187 (63%) cases. Results At last follow-up, 76.5% of patients had retained their implant. The overall failure rate was 23.5% at a mean of 1.7 years. There were 22 mechanical failures and 22 non-mechanical failures. The overall implant survival to all types of failure was 68% and 52% at 5 and 10 years, respectively. Infection was the most common mode of failure with an incidence of 6.9%. Implant survival to infection was better for silver-coated implants than for standard implants even if with no significant difference (p = 0.56). Functional results were satisfactory in 97% of patients. Conclusions The overall implant survival at long term was satisfactory with Mutars prostheses. The incidence of compli- cations with Mutars prosthesis is in line with the incidence reported in the literature with other types of tumor prosthesis. The most frequent cause of failure was infection with a lower incidence in silver-coated prostheses; silver coating seems to prevent infection in distal femur and proximal tibia. The silver coating seems to be particularly useful in two-stage revisions with a lower incidence of secondary amputation. In higher risk patients, silver-coated prostheses are the preferable choice for the reduction of the reinfection rate. The functional results of Mutars prostheses were excellent or good in most of cases. The current paper is design to enhance the literature on megaprosthesis in tumor surgery, proven that this system is one of the most used all over the word and one of the best performing.

A long-term experience with Mutars tumor megaprostheses: analysis of 187 cases

Pala, Elisa;Trovarelli, Giulia;Berizzi, Antonio;Ruggieri, Pietro
2022

Abstract

Purpose Modular megaprostheses have widely replaced allografts, as a reconstructive option; however, failures of these devices remain high. Aim of this study was to analyze outcomes, survival of the implants, incidence and types of complica- tions with Mutars modular endoprostheses at long term. Methods Between 2000 and 2019, 187 Mutars prostheses were implanted in two dedicated centers: 72 upper limbs and 115 lower limbs reconstructions. Diagnoses included 107 primary malignant bone or soft tissue tumors, 65 metastases, 8 benign bone tumors and 7 non-oncologic cases. Silver-coated prostheses were used in 118/187 (63%) cases. Results At last follow-up, 76.5% of patients had retained their implant. The overall failure rate was 23.5% at a mean of 1.7 years. There were 22 mechanical failures and 22 non-mechanical failures. The overall implant survival to all types of failure was 68% and 52% at 5 and 10 years, respectively. Infection was the most common mode of failure with an incidence of 6.9%. Implant survival to infection was better for silver-coated implants than for standard implants even if with no significant difference (p = 0.56). Functional results were satisfactory in 97% of patients. Conclusions The overall implant survival at long term was satisfactory with Mutars prostheses. The incidence of compli- cations with Mutars prosthesis is in line with the incidence reported in the literature with other types of tumor prosthesis. The most frequent cause of failure was infection with a lower incidence in silver-coated prostheses; silver coating seems to prevent infection in distal femur and proximal tibia. The silver coating seems to be particularly useful in two-stage revisions with a lower incidence of secondary amputation. In higher risk patients, silver-coated prostheses are the preferable choice for the reduction of the reinfection rate. The functional results of Mutars prostheses were excellent or good in most of cases. The current paper is design to enhance the literature on megaprosthesis in tumor surgery, proven that this system is one of the most used all over the word and one of the best performing.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3405047
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