Aim: To assess the detection rate of 18F-choline PET/CT in non-metastatic hormone-sensitive prostate cancer (hsPCa) and non-metastatic castrate resistant prostate cancer (CRPCa), based on the criteria proposed in the phase III SPARTAN trial and with high Gleason Score (GS). Methods: Between October 2008 and September 2019, data from a retrospective multicenter study (n=4 centers), involving patients undergoing 18F-choline PET/CT scans for a biochemical recurrence of PCa, were collected. The following inclusion criteria were used: 1) histologically proven PCa, 2) a non-metastatic disease in accordance with conventional imaging findings; 3) a PSA doubling time (PSAdt) <10 months, 4) a GS > 8 and 5) no pelvic node > 2 cm. The group of hsPCa and CRPCa patients, were compared by using a non-parametric statistical analysis. Moreover, a logistic regression analysis and ROC curves were used. Results: 140 patients were included. Of these, 82 patients were affected by hsPCa, and 58 had a CRPCa. Overall, 18F-Choline PET/CT was positive in 99/140 (70.7%). It was positive in 55/82 (67.1%) hsPCa patients and in 44/58 (75.9%) CRPCa subjects, respectively. The site of recurrence at 18F-Choline PET/CT were: 16 (27.6%) and 20 (24.4%) in prostatic bed, 25 (43.1%) and 24 (29.3%) in loco-regional lymph nodes and in 27 (46.6%) and 28 (34.1%) in distant organs, respectively for CRPCa and hsPCa patients. The optimal cut-off values for PSA at the time of PET/CT for the prediction or recurrence were 0.5 vs. 2.5 ng/mL for all site of recurrence (AUC: 0.70 vs. 0.72), 0.48 vs. 3.4 ng/mL for prostatic bed (AUC: 0.60 vs. 0.59), 0.5 vs. 1.5 for loco-regional lymph nodes (AUC: 0.62 vs. 0.57) and 2.2 vs. 2.8 ng/mL for distant metastasis (AUC: 0.74 vs. 0.71), respectively in CRPCa and hsPCa (all p=NS). Sensitivities and specificities of 18F-Choline PET/CT for the identification of recurrence disease in all patient population, in hsPCa and CRPCa were 83.7% and 87.5%, 78.9% and 88.9%, 91.4% and 85.7%, respectively. Conclusions: the rate of positive 18F-Choline PET/CT is similar in patients with a hsPCa and CRPCa, in case of low PSAdt and high GS. Therefore, non-metastatic PCa patients should be assessed by molecular imaging, in order to adapt the most appropriate therapeutic approach.

Detection rate of 18F-Choline positron emission tomography/computed tomography in patients with non-metastatic hormone sensitive and castrate resistant prostate cancer

Zattoni, Fabio
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Artioli, Paolo;Evangelista, Laura
2021

Abstract

Aim: To assess the detection rate of 18F-choline PET/CT in non-metastatic hormone-sensitive prostate cancer (hsPCa) and non-metastatic castrate resistant prostate cancer (CRPCa), based on the criteria proposed in the phase III SPARTAN trial and with high Gleason Score (GS). Methods: Between October 2008 and September 2019, data from a retrospective multicenter study (n=4 centers), involving patients undergoing 18F-choline PET/CT scans for a biochemical recurrence of PCa, were collected. The following inclusion criteria were used: 1) histologically proven PCa, 2) a non-metastatic disease in accordance with conventional imaging findings; 3) a PSA doubling time (PSAdt) <10 months, 4) a GS > 8 and 5) no pelvic node > 2 cm. The group of hsPCa and CRPCa patients, were compared by using a non-parametric statistical analysis. Moreover, a logistic regression analysis and ROC curves were used. Results: 140 patients were included. Of these, 82 patients were affected by hsPCa, and 58 had a CRPCa. Overall, 18F-Choline PET/CT was positive in 99/140 (70.7%). It was positive in 55/82 (67.1%) hsPCa patients and in 44/58 (75.9%) CRPCa subjects, respectively. The site of recurrence at 18F-Choline PET/CT were: 16 (27.6%) and 20 (24.4%) in prostatic bed, 25 (43.1%) and 24 (29.3%) in loco-regional lymph nodes and in 27 (46.6%) and 28 (34.1%) in distant organs, respectively for CRPCa and hsPCa patients. The optimal cut-off values for PSA at the time of PET/CT for the prediction or recurrence were 0.5 vs. 2.5 ng/mL for all site of recurrence (AUC: 0.70 vs. 0.72), 0.48 vs. 3.4 ng/mL for prostatic bed (AUC: 0.60 vs. 0.59), 0.5 vs. 1.5 for loco-regional lymph nodes (AUC: 0.62 vs. 0.57) and 2.2 vs. 2.8 ng/mL for distant metastasis (AUC: 0.74 vs. 0.71), respectively in CRPCa and hsPCa (all p=NS). Sensitivities and specificities of 18F-Choline PET/CT for the identification of recurrence disease in all patient population, in hsPCa and CRPCa were 83.7% and 87.5%, 78.9% and 88.9%, 91.4% and 85.7%, respectively. Conclusions: the rate of positive 18F-Choline PET/CT is similar in patients with a hsPCa and CRPCa, in case of low PSAdt and high GS. Therefore, non-metastatic PCa patients should be assessed by molecular imaging, in order to adapt the most appropriate therapeutic approach.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/3409877
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