Over the last decades, the evaluation of hazards and risks associated with coastal flooding has become increasingly more important in order to protect population and assets. The general purpose of this research was to assess reliable coastal flooding hazard maps due to overflow and wave overtopping. This paper addresses the problem of defining credible joint statistics of significant wave heights Hs and water levels ζ, focusing on the selection of the sample pair that characterizes each sea storm, to evaluate the occurrence probability of extreme events. The pair is selected maximizing a spatial structure variable, i.e., a linear combination of Hs and ζ, specific to each point of the area at risk. The structure variable is defined by the sensitivity of the flooding process to Hs and ζ, as found by analyzing a set of inundation maps produced through a Simplified Shallow-Water numerical model (SSW). The proposed methodology is applied to a coastal stretch in the Venetian littoral (Italy), by means of a 30 year-long time series recorded at the “Acqua Alta” oceanographic research tower, located in the Northern Adriatic Sea in front of the Venetian lagoon. The critical combination of Hs and ζ forming the structure variable is presented in a map, and it can be related to the topography and the presence of mitigation measures. The return period associated with the two recent large storms that occurred in this area in 2018 and 2019 is also investigated. The proposed procedure gives credible occurrence probabilities for these events, whereas other approaches would consider them extremely unlikely.

A spatial structure variable approach to characterize storm events for coastal flood hazard assessment

Favaretto C.
;
Martinelli L.;Ruol P.
2021

Abstract

Over the last decades, the evaluation of hazards and risks associated with coastal flooding has become increasingly more important in order to protect population and assets. The general purpose of this research was to assess reliable coastal flooding hazard maps due to overflow and wave overtopping. This paper addresses the problem of defining credible joint statistics of significant wave heights Hs and water levels ζ, focusing on the selection of the sample pair that characterizes each sea storm, to evaluate the occurrence probability of extreme events. The pair is selected maximizing a spatial structure variable, i.e., a linear combination of Hs and ζ, specific to each point of the area at risk. The structure variable is defined by the sensitivity of the flooding process to Hs and ζ, as found by analyzing a set of inundation maps produced through a Simplified Shallow-Water numerical model (SSW). The proposed methodology is applied to a coastal stretch in the Venetian littoral (Italy), by means of a 30 year-long time series recorded at the “Acqua Alta” oceanographic research tower, located in the Northern Adriatic Sea in front of the Venetian lagoon. The critical combination of Hs and ζ forming the structure variable is presented in a map, and it can be related to the topography and the presence of mitigation measures. The return period associated with the two recent large storms that occurred in this area in 2018 and 2019 is also investigated. The proposed procedure gives credible occurrence probabilities for these events, whereas other approaches would consider them extremely unlikely.
2021
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3410679
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