To analyze the early microvascular retinal changes and oscillatory potentials alterations secondary to diabetic retinal damage, 44 eyes of 22 diabetic patients without and with mild diabetic retinopathy (DR) and 18 eyes of 9 healthy controls were examined. All subjects underwent spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT), OCT angiography (OCTA), and electroretinography of oscillatory potentials (OPs). At OCTA, vessel area density (VAD), vessel length fraction (VLF), and fractal dimension (FD) were significantly reduced in the superficial vascular plexus (SVP), VLF and FD in the intermediate capillary plexus (ICP), and FD in the deep capillary plexus (DCP) in the diabetic group compared to the control group. The amplitude (A) of OP2, OP3, OP4 and the sum of OPs were significantly reduced in the diabetic group versus the controls, and the last two parameters were reduced also in patients without DR versus the controls. Moreover, in the diabetic group, a significant direct correlation was found between the A of OP1, OP2, OP3 and sOP and the VLF and FD in the SVP, while a statistically significant inverse correlation was found between the A of OP3 and OP4 and the VDI in the ICP and DCP. The reduced oscillatory potentials suggest a precocious involvement of amacrine cells in diabetic eyes, independently of DR presence, and their correlation with vascular parameters underlines the relevance of the crosstalk between these cells and vascular components in the pathophysiology of this chronic disease.

Early microvascular and oscillatory potentials changes in human diabetic retina: Amacrine cells and the intraretinal neurovascular crosstalk

Midena E.;Torresin T.;Longhin E.;Midena G.;Pilotto E.;Frizziero L.
2021

Abstract

To analyze the early microvascular retinal changes and oscillatory potentials alterations secondary to diabetic retinal damage, 44 eyes of 22 diabetic patients without and with mild diabetic retinopathy (DR) and 18 eyes of 9 healthy controls were examined. All subjects underwent spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT), OCT angiography (OCTA), and electroretinography of oscillatory potentials (OPs). At OCTA, vessel area density (VAD), vessel length fraction (VLF), and fractal dimension (FD) were significantly reduced in the superficial vascular plexus (SVP), VLF and FD in the intermediate capillary plexus (ICP), and FD in the deep capillary plexus (DCP) in the diabetic group compared to the control group. The amplitude (A) of OP2, OP3, OP4 and the sum of OPs were significantly reduced in the diabetic group versus the controls, and the last two parameters were reduced also in patients without DR versus the controls. Moreover, in the diabetic group, a significant direct correlation was found between the A of OP1, OP2, OP3 and sOP and the VLF and FD in the SVP, while a statistically significant inverse correlation was found between the A of OP3 and OP4 and the VDI in the ICP and DCP. The reduced oscillatory potentials suggest a precocious involvement of amacrine cells in diabetic eyes, independently of DR presence, and their correlation with vascular parameters underlines the relevance of the crosstalk between these cells and vascular components in the pathophysiology of this chronic disease.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3411304
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