Arrhythmogenic Cardiomyopathy (ACM) is a heredo-familial cardiac disease characterized by fibro-fatty myocardial replacement and increased risk of sudden cardiac death. The diagnosis of ACM can be challenging due to the lack of a single gold-standard test: for this reason, it is required to satisfy a combination of multiple criteria from different categories including ventricular morpho-functional abnormalities, repolarization and depolarization ECG changes, ventricular arrhythmias, tissue characterization findings and positive family history/molecular genetics. The first diagnostic criteria were published by an International Task Force (ITF) of experts in 1994 and revised in 2010 with the aim to increase sensitivity for early diagnosis. Limitations of the 2010 ITF criteria include the absence of specific criteria for left ventricle (LV) involvement and the limited role of cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) as the use of the late gadolinium enhancement technique for tissue characterization was not considered. In 2020, new diagnostic criteria (“the Padua criteria”) were proposed. The traditional organization in six categories of major/minor criteria was maintained. The criteria for identifying the right ventricular involvement were modified and a specific set of criteria for identifying LV involvement was created. Depending on the combination of criteria for right and LV involvement, a diagnosis of classic (right dominant) ACM, biventricular ACM or left-dominant ACM is then made. The article reviews the rationale of the Padua criteria, summarizes the main modifications compared to the previous 2010 ITF criteria and provides three examples of the application of the Padua criteria in clinical practice.

The 2020 “Padua Criteria” for Diagnosis and Phenotype Characterization of Arrhythmogenic Cardiomyopathy in Clinical Practice

Graziano F.;Zorzi A.;Cipriani A.;Bauce B.;Brunetti G.;Pilichou K.;Basso C.;Marra M. P.;Corrado D.
2022

Abstract

Arrhythmogenic Cardiomyopathy (ACM) is a heredo-familial cardiac disease characterized by fibro-fatty myocardial replacement and increased risk of sudden cardiac death. The diagnosis of ACM can be challenging due to the lack of a single gold-standard test: for this reason, it is required to satisfy a combination of multiple criteria from different categories including ventricular morpho-functional abnormalities, repolarization and depolarization ECG changes, ventricular arrhythmias, tissue characterization findings and positive family history/molecular genetics. The first diagnostic criteria were published by an International Task Force (ITF) of experts in 1994 and revised in 2010 with the aim to increase sensitivity for early diagnosis. Limitations of the 2010 ITF criteria include the absence of specific criteria for left ventricle (LV) involvement and the limited role of cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) as the use of the late gadolinium enhancement technique for tissue characterization was not considered. In 2020, new diagnostic criteria (“the Padua criteria”) were proposed. The traditional organization in six categories of major/minor criteria was maintained. The criteria for identifying the right ventricular involvement were modified and a specific set of criteria for identifying LV involvement was created. Depending on the combination of criteria for right and LV involvement, a diagnosis of classic (right dominant) ACM, biventricular ACM or left-dominant ACM is then made. The article reviews the rationale of the Padua criteria, summarizes the main modifications compared to the previous 2010 ITF criteria and provides three examples of the application of the Padua criteria in clinical practice.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/3413013
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