In a fully autonomous driving framework, where vehicles operate without human intervention, information sharing plays a fundamental role. In this context, new network solutions have to be designed to handle the large volumes of data generated by the rich sensor suite of the cars in a reliable and efficient way. Among all the possible sensors, Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) can produce an accurate 3D point cloud representation of the surrounding environment, which in turn generates high data rates. For this reason, efficient point cloud compression is paramount to alleviate the burden of data transmission over bandwidth-constrained channels and to facilitate real-time communications. In this paper, we propose a pipeline to efficiently compress LiDAR observations in an automotive scenario. First, we leverage the capabilities of RangeNet++, a Deep Neural Network (DNN) used to semantically infer point labels, to reduce the channel load by selecting the most valuable environmental data to be disseminated. Second, we compress the selected points using Draco, a 3D compression algorithm which is able to obtain compression up to the quantization error. Our experiments, validated on the Semantic KITTI dataset, demonstrate that it is possible to compress and send the information at the frame rate of the LiDAR, thus achieving real-time performance.

Hybrid Point Cloud Semantic Compression for Automotive Sensors: A Performance Evaluation

Varischio A.;Bullo M.;Giordani M.;Testolina P.;Zorzi M.
2021

Abstract

In a fully autonomous driving framework, where vehicles operate without human intervention, information sharing plays a fundamental role. In this context, new network solutions have to be designed to handle the large volumes of data generated by the rich sensor suite of the cars in a reliable and efficient way. Among all the possible sensors, Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) can produce an accurate 3D point cloud representation of the surrounding environment, which in turn generates high data rates. For this reason, efficient point cloud compression is paramount to alleviate the burden of data transmission over bandwidth-constrained channels and to facilitate real-time communications. In this paper, we propose a pipeline to efficiently compress LiDAR observations in an automotive scenario. First, we leverage the capabilities of RangeNet++, a Deep Neural Network (DNN) used to semantically infer point labels, to reduce the channel load by selecting the most valuable environmental data to be disseminated. Second, we compress the selected points using Draco, a 3D compression algorithm which is able to obtain compression up to the quantization error. Our experiments, validated on the Semantic KITTI dataset, demonstrate that it is possible to compress and send the information at the frame rate of the LiDAR, thus achieving real-time performance.
IEEE International Conference on Communications
978-1-7281-7122-7
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/3414132
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