Anaplastic lymphoma kinase‐positive (ALK+) anaplastic large‐cell lymphoma (ALCL) is a subtype of non‐Hodgkin lymphoma characterized by expression of the oncogenic NPM/ALK fusion protein. When resistant or relapsed to front‐line chemotherapy, ALK+ ALCL prognosis is very poor. In these patients, the ALK inhibitor crizotinib achieves high response rates, however 30–40% of them develop further resistance to crizotinib monotherapy, indicating that new therapeutic approaches are needed in this population. We here investigated the efficacy of upfront rational drug combinations to prevent the rise of resistant ALCL, in vitro and in vivo. Different combinations of crizotinib with CHOP chemotherapy, decitabine and trametinib, or with second‐generation ALK inhibitors, were investigated. We found that in most cases combined treatments completely suppressed the emergence of resistant cells and were more effective than single drugs in the long‐term control of lymphoma cells expansion, by inducing deeper inhibition of oncogenic signaling and higher rates of apoptosis. Combinations showed strong synergism in different ALK‐dependent cell lines and better tumor growth inhibition in mice. We propose that drug combinations that include an ALK inhibitor should be considered for first‐line treatments in ALK+ ALCL.

Synergistic drug combinations prevent resistance in ALK+ anaplastic large cell lymphoma

Garbin A.;Lovisa F.;Mussolin L.;
2021

Abstract

Anaplastic lymphoma kinase‐positive (ALK+) anaplastic large‐cell lymphoma (ALCL) is a subtype of non‐Hodgkin lymphoma characterized by expression of the oncogenic NPM/ALK fusion protein. When resistant or relapsed to front‐line chemotherapy, ALK+ ALCL prognosis is very poor. In these patients, the ALK inhibitor crizotinib achieves high response rates, however 30–40% of them develop further resistance to crizotinib monotherapy, indicating that new therapeutic approaches are needed in this population. We here investigated the efficacy of upfront rational drug combinations to prevent the rise of resistant ALCL, in vitro and in vivo. Different combinations of crizotinib with CHOP chemotherapy, decitabine and trametinib, or with second‐generation ALK inhibitors, were investigated. We found that in most cases combined treatments completely suppressed the emergence of resistant cells and were more effective than single drugs in the long‐term control of lymphoma cells expansion, by inducing deeper inhibition of oncogenic signaling and higher rates of apoptosis. Combinations showed strong synergism in different ALK‐dependent cell lines and better tumor growth inhibition in mice. We propose that drug combinations that include an ALK inhibitor should be considered for first‐line treatments in ALK+ ALCL.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3414221
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