Introduction: In the last years, the incidence of Candida infections in liver transplant recipients has increased with still higher morbidity and mortality. Anidulafungin, a new echinocandin that does not interfere with cytochrome p450, shows no need for dosage adjustment based upon renal or hepatic function or weight. Aim: To analyze tolerance to and microbiologic and clinical efficacy of Anidulafungin to treat Candida infections in liver transplant patients. Materials and Methods: This phase 3b, prospective, open-label, single-center study focused on liver transplant patients with a suspected and/or diagnosed Candida infection. The patients received Anidulafungin intravenously, optionally followed by oral therapy with azoles. The primary endpoint was the global response at the end of therapy; secondary endpoints were the efficacy of intravenous therapy, 90-day survival, as well as tolerance for and interaction with immunosuppresants. Results: We considered 42 consecutive liver recipients transplanted between 2009 and 2010 among whom 13 (31%) were recruited for the study and four patients were treated with Anidulafungin as empirical therapy, six as preemptive therapy, and three as targeted treatment for documented candidemia (7.1%). The immunosuppressive regimen consisted of tacrolimus and low dose of steroids. The Candida species were: C albicans (50%), C glabrata (12.5%), C parapsilosis (12.5%), C krusei (12.5%), C lusitaniae (6.2%), C tropicalis (6.2%), and multiple others (25%). The principle site of isolation was the bile (53.8%), followed by the bloodstream (23.1%), central venous catheters (15.4%), bronchoalveolar lavage (15.4%), peritoneum (7.7%), and other locations (7.7%). Two patients (15.4%) died of severe sepsis with multiple organ failure. There was no alteration of hepatic enzymes, indices of cholestasis or changes in immunosuppressant drug levels. Conclusion: Anidulafungin was an effective, safe, and well-tolerated drug. There were neither toxic effects to the grafts or adverse interactions with immunosuppresants. © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Anidulafungin - A new therapeutic option for candida infections in liver transplantation

Grossi U.;
2012

Abstract

Introduction: In the last years, the incidence of Candida infections in liver transplant recipients has increased with still higher morbidity and mortality. Anidulafungin, a new echinocandin that does not interfere with cytochrome p450, shows no need for dosage adjustment based upon renal or hepatic function or weight. Aim: To analyze tolerance to and microbiologic and clinical efficacy of Anidulafungin to treat Candida infections in liver transplant patients. Materials and Methods: This phase 3b, prospective, open-label, single-center study focused on liver transplant patients with a suspected and/or diagnosed Candida infection. The patients received Anidulafungin intravenously, optionally followed by oral therapy with azoles. The primary endpoint was the global response at the end of therapy; secondary endpoints were the efficacy of intravenous therapy, 90-day survival, as well as tolerance for and interaction with immunosuppresants. Results: We considered 42 consecutive liver recipients transplanted between 2009 and 2010 among whom 13 (31%) were recruited for the study and four patients were treated with Anidulafungin as empirical therapy, six as preemptive therapy, and three as targeted treatment for documented candidemia (7.1%). The immunosuppressive regimen consisted of tacrolimus and low dose of steroids. The Candida species were: C albicans (50%), C glabrata (12.5%), C parapsilosis (12.5%), C krusei (12.5%), C lusitaniae (6.2%), C tropicalis (6.2%), and multiple others (25%). The principle site of isolation was the bile (53.8%), followed by the bloodstream (23.1%), central venous catheters (15.4%), bronchoalveolar lavage (15.4%), peritoneum (7.7%), and other locations (7.7%). Two patients (15.4%) died of severe sepsis with multiple organ failure. There was no alteration of hepatic enzymes, indices of cholestasis or changes in immunosuppressant drug levels. Conclusion: Anidulafungin was an effective, safe, and well-tolerated drug. There were neither toxic effects to the grafts or adverse interactions with immunosuppresants. © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3414584
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