G-quadruplexes (G4s) are implicated in pathological processes such as cancer and infective diseases. Their targeting with G4-ligands has shown therapeutic capacity. Most of the current G4-ligands are planar molecules, do not discriminate among G4s, and have poor druglike properties. The available methods to identify compounds selective for one single G4 are often time-consuming. Here, we describe the development, validation, and application of an affinity-selection mass spectrometry method that employs unlabeled G4 oligonucleotides as targets and allows testing of up to 320 unmodified small molecules in a single tube. As a proof of concept, this method was applied to screen a library of 40 »000 druglike molecules against two G4s, transcriptional regulators of the HIV-1 LTR promoter. We identified nonplanar pyrazolopyrimidines that selectively recognize and stabilize the major HIV-1 LTR G4 possibly by fitting and binding through H-bonding in its unique binding pocket. The compounds inhibit LTR promoter activity and HIV-1 replication. We propose this method to prompt the fast development of new G4-based therapeutics.

Selective Recognition of a Single HIV-1 G-Quadruplex by Ultrafast Small-Molecule Screening

Scalabrin M.;Nadai M.;Tassinari M.;Lago S.;Doria F.;Frasson I.;Richter S. N.
2021

Abstract

G-quadruplexes (G4s) are implicated in pathological processes such as cancer and infective diseases. Their targeting with G4-ligands has shown therapeutic capacity. Most of the current G4-ligands are planar molecules, do not discriminate among G4s, and have poor druglike properties. The available methods to identify compounds selective for one single G4 are often time-consuming. Here, we describe the development, validation, and application of an affinity-selection mass spectrometry method that employs unlabeled G4 oligonucleotides as targets and allows testing of up to 320 unmodified small molecules in a single tube. As a proof of concept, this method was applied to screen a library of 40 »000 druglike molecules against two G4s, transcriptional regulators of the HIV-1 LTR promoter. We identified nonplanar pyrazolopyrimidines that selectively recognize and stabilize the major HIV-1 LTR G4 possibly by fitting and binding through H-bonding in its unique binding pocket. The compounds inhibit LTR promoter activity and HIV-1 replication. We propose this method to prompt the fast development of new G4-based therapeutics.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
acs.analchem.0c04106.pdf

accesso aperto

Descrizione: file pdf
Tipologia: Published (publisher's version)
Licenza: Creative commons
Dimensione 1.87 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.87 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri
Pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3417725
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 1
  • Scopus 6
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 6
social impact