We described short-term HIV tropism changes occurring in peripheral blood mononuclear cells and the correlations with HIV DNA value in HIV-HCV co-infected patients cured for HCV disease and with undetectable HIV viremia or residual viremia (RV). Plasma HIV RNA, cellular HIV DNA and tropism were evaluated pre-HCV treatment (baseline, BL) and at 12(T1) and 24(T2) weeks after HCV treatment start. V3 sequences were interpreted using Geno2pheno and classified as R5 only if all three sequences had an FPR ≥ 10% and as X4 when at least one replicate sequence had an FPR < 10%. Forty-nine patients (21 with X4 and 28 with R5 virus) were enrolled. Five X4 patients and 9 R5 subjects experienced at least one tropism change,11 with RV:1/5 patients with X4 infection at BL switched at T1 versus 8/9 in the R5 group (p = 0.022977) and the difference was confirmed in subjects with RV (p = 0.02);6/9 R5 patients switching at T1 confirmed the tropism change at T2. No significant differences in HIV DNA values between patients with RV starting with a R5 or X4 tropism and experienced tropism switch or not were found. Short-term tropism switch involved almost a third of patients, in all but three cases with HIV RV. Being R5 at BL is associated to a higher instability, expressed as number of tropism changes and confirmed switch at T2.

HIV tropism switch in archived DNA of HIV-HCV subjects successfully treated with direct-acting antivirals for HCV infection

Basso M.;Stagni C.;Parisatto B.;Battagin G.;Parisi S. G.
2021

Abstract

We described short-term HIV tropism changes occurring in peripheral blood mononuclear cells and the correlations with HIV DNA value in HIV-HCV co-infected patients cured for HCV disease and with undetectable HIV viremia or residual viremia (RV). Plasma HIV RNA, cellular HIV DNA and tropism were evaluated pre-HCV treatment (baseline, BL) and at 12(T1) and 24(T2) weeks after HCV treatment start. V3 sequences were interpreted using Geno2pheno and classified as R5 only if all three sequences had an FPR ≥ 10% and as X4 when at least one replicate sequence had an FPR < 10%. Forty-nine patients (21 with X4 and 28 with R5 virus) were enrolled. Five X4 patients and 9 R5 subjects experienced at least one tropism change,11 with RV:1/5 patients with X4 infection at BL switched at T1 versus 8/9 in the R5 group (p = 0.022977) and the difference was confirmed in subjects with RV (p = 0.02);6/9 R5 patients switching at T1 confirmed the tropism change at T2. No significant differences in HIV DNA values between patients with RV starting with a R5 or X4 tropism and experienced tropism switch or not were found. Short-term tropism switch involved almost a third of patients, in all but three cases with HIV RV. Being R5 at BL is associated to a higher instability, expressed as number of tropism changes and confirmed switch at T2.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3420412
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