2-level polytopes naturally appear in several areas of pure and applied mathematics, including combinatorial optimization, polyhedral combinatorics, communication complexity, and statistics. In this paper, we present a study of some 2-level polytopes arising in combinatorial settings. Our first contribution is proving that f0(P)fd−1(P) ≤ d2d+1 for a large collection of families of such polytopes P. Here f0(P) (resp., fd−1(P)) is the number of vertices (resp., facets) of P, and d is its dimension. Whether this holds for all 2-level polytopes was asked in [A. Bohn, Y. Faenza, S. Fiorini, V. Fisikopoulos, M. Macchia, and K. Pashkovich, in Algorithms-ESA 2015, Springer, Berlin, 2015, pp. 191-202], and experimental results from [S. Fiorini, V. Fisikopoulos, and M. Macchia, in Combinatorial Optimization, Springer, Cham, 2016, pp. 285-296] showed it true for d ≤ 7. The key to most of our proofs is a deeper understanding of the relations among those polytopes and their underlying combinatorial structure. This leads to a number of results that we believe to be of independent interest: a trade-off formula for the number of cliques and stable sets in a graph, a description of stable matching polytopes as affine projections of certain order polytopes, and a linear-size description of the base polytope of matroids that are 2-level in terms of cuts of an associated tree.

### On 2-level polytopes arising in combinatorial settings

#### Abstract

2-level polytopes naturally appear in several areas of pure and applied mathematics, including combinatorial optimization, polyhedral combinatorics, communication complexity, and statistics. In this paper, we present a study of some 2-level polytopes arising in combinatorial settings. Our first contribution is proving that f0(P)fd−1(P) ≤ d2d+1 for a large collection of families of such polytopes P. Here f0(P) (resp., fd−1(P)) is the number of vertices (resp., facets) of P, and d is its dimension. Whether this holds for all 2-level polytopes was asked in [A. Bohn, Y. Faenza, S. Fiorini, V. Fisikopoulos, M. Macchia, and K. Pashkovich, in Algorithms-ESA 2015, Springer, Berlin, 2015, pp. 191-202], and experimental results from [S. Fiorini, V. Fisikopoulos, and M. Macchia, in Combinatorial Optimization, Springer, Cham, 2016, pp. 285-296] showed it true for d ≤ 7. The key to most of our proofs is a deeper understanding of the relations among those polytopes and their underlying combinatorial structure. This leads to a number of results that we believe to be of independent interest: a trade-off formula for the number of cliques and stable sets in a graph, a description of stable matching polytopes as affine projections of certain order polytopes, and a linear-size description of the base polytope of matroids that are 2-level in terms of cuts of an associated tree.
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2018
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: `https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3421218`
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