: The improper expression of glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide receptor (GIPR) and the GIP/GIPR axis activation has been increasingly recognized in endocrine tumors, with a potential diagnostic and prognostic value. A high tumor-to-normal tissue ratio (T/N ratio) of GIPR was reported both in human and rat medullary thyroid cancer (MTC), suggesting a direct link between the neoplastic transformation and the mechanism of receptor overexpression. In this study, we evaluated the potential diagnostic and prognostic significance of GIPR expression in a large cohort of MTC patients by correlating GIPR mRNA steady-state levels to clinical phenotypes. The molecular effect of GIP/GIPR axis stimulation in MTC-derived cells was also determined. We detected GIPR expression in ~80% of tumor specimens, especially in sporadic, larger, advanced-stage cancers with higher Ki-67 values. GIPR stimulation induced cAMP elevation in MTC-derived cells and a small but significant fluctuation in Ca2+, both likely associated with increased calcitonin secretion. On the contrary, the effects on PI3K-Akt and MAPK-ERK1/2 signaling pathways were marginal. To conclude, our data confirm the high T/N GIPR ratio in MTC tumors and suggest it may represent an index for the degree of advancement of the malignant process. We have also observed a functional coupling between GIP/GIPR axis and calcitonin secretion in MTC models. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying this process and the possible implication of GIP/GIPR axis activation in MTC diagnosis and prognosis need further evaluation.

The GIP/GIPR axis in medullary thyroid cancer: clinical and molecular findings

Regazzo, Daniela;Bertazza, Loris;Galletta, Eva;Barollo, Susi;Mondin, Alberto;Iacobone, Maurizio;Zilio, Eleonora;Scaroni, Carla;Radu, Claudia Maria;di Benedetto, Giulietta;Mian, Caterina;Occhi, Gianluca
2022

Abstract

: The improper expression of glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide receptor (GIPR) and the GIP/GIPR axis activation has been increasingly recognized in endocrine tumors, with a potential diagnostic and prognostic value. A high tumor-to-normal tissue ratio (T/N ratio) of GIPR was reported both in human and rat medullary thyroid cancer (MTC), suggesting a direct link between the neoplastic transformation and the mechanism of receptor overexpression. In this study, we evaluated the potential diagnostic and prognostic significance of GIPR expression in a large cohort of MTC patients by correlating GIPR mRNA steady-state levels to clinical phenotypes. The molecular effect of GIP/GIPR axis stimulation in MTC-derived cells was also determined. We detected GIPR expression in ~80% of tumor specimens, especially in sporadic, larger, advanced-stage cancers with higher Ki-67 values. GIPR stimulation induced cAMP elevation in MTC-derived cells and a small but significant fluctuation in Ca2+, both likely associated with increased calcitonin secretion. On the contrary, the effects on PI3K-Akt and MAPK-ERK1/2 signaling pathways were marginal. To conclude, our data confirm the high T/N GIPR ratio in MTC tumors and suggest it may represent an index for the degree of advancement of the malignant process. We have also observed a functional coupling between GIP/GIPR axis and calcitonin secretion in MTC models. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying this process and the possible implication of GIP/GIPR axis activation in MTC diagnosis and prognosis need further evaluation.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3428372
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