Abstract Four mesoporous carbons (MCs) with tunable pore size were synthesized by soft template synthesis, employing a resorcinol-formaldehyde resin as a carbon pre- cursor and a polyethylene oxide-block-polystyrene block copolymer as a sacrifi- cial template in which the length ofthe polystyrene block (165, 300, 500, and 1150 units) allowed the modulation of the surface area of MCs (567, 582, 718 and 840 m2 g−1, respectively). The complete set of MCs was also doped with nitrogen by ball milling in the presence ofcyanamide and stabilized in a second thermal treat- ment at 750 ◦C, leading to nitrogen content of∼2.65% in all samples. The two sets of MCs were used for evaluating both the effect of textural properties and nitro- gen doping in the electrochemical reduction of oxygen in acid electrolytes. Each catalyst was characterized by means of elemental analysis and N2 physisorption analysis, whereas the selected series ofsamples were also characterized by trans- mission electron microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, X-ray photoemis- sion spectroscopy, inductively coupled plasma mass spectroscopy (ICP-MS), and Raman analysis. Voltammetric rotating ring-disk measurements in 0.5 MH2SO4 demonstrated that the catalytic activity for the O2 reduction scales with the sur- face area in the non-doped series, and also the selectivity for the two-electron process leading to H2O2 increases in the samples having wider pores and higher surface area, even if the leading mechanism is the tetraelectronic process lead- ing to H2O. The doping with nitrogen leads to a general increase of the catalytic activity with a shift ofthe O2 peak potential tomore positive values of75–150mV. In the doped series, nitrogen doping prevails on the textural properties for guid- ing the selectivity toward the two- or four-electron process, since a similar H2O2 yield was observed for all N-MC samples. The possible presence of FeNx sites

Mesoporosity and nitrogen doping: The leading effect in oxygen reduction reaction activity and selectivity at nitrogen‐doped carbons prepared by using polyethylene oxide‐block‐polystyrene as a sacrificial template

Mazzucato, Marco
Data Curation
;
Daniel, Giorgia
Resources
;
Perazzolo, Valentina
Data Curation
;
Brandiele, Riccardo
Data Curation
;
Rizzi, Gian Andrea
Data Curation
;
Isse, Abdirisak Ahmed
Data Curation
;
Gennaro, Armando
Data Curation
;
Durante, Christian
Supervision
2022

Abstract

Abstract Four mesoporous carbons (MCs) with tunable pore size were synthesized by soft template synthesis, employing a resorcinol-formaldehyde resin as a carbon pre- cursor and a polyethylene oxide-block-polystyrene block copolymer as a sacrifi- cial template in which the length ofthe polystyrene block (165, 300, 500, and 1150 units) allowed the modulation of the surface area of MCs (567, 582, 718 and 840 m2 g−1, respectively). The complete set of MCs was also doped with nitrogen by ball milling in the presence ofcyanamide and stabilized in a second thermal treat- ment at 750 ◦C, leading to nitrogen content of∼2.65% in all samples. The two sets of MCs were used for evaluating both the effect of textural properties and nitro- gen doping in the electrochemical reduction of oxygen in acid electrolytes. Each catalyst was characterized by means of elemental analysis and N2 physisorption analysis, whereas the selected series ofsamples were also characterized by trans- mission electron microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, X-ray photoemis- sion spectroscopy, inductively coupled plasma mass spectroscopy (ICP-MS), and Raman analysis. Voltammetric rotating ring-disk measurements in 0.5 MH2SO4 demonstrated that the catalytic activity for the O2 reduction scales with the sur- face area in the non-doped series, and also the selectivity for the two-electron process leading to H2O2 increases in the samples having wider pores and higher surface area, even if the leading mechanism is the tetraelectronic process lead- ing to H2O. The doping with nitrogen leads to a general increase of the catalytic activity with a shift ofthe O2 peak potential tomore positive values of75–150mV. In the doped series, nitrogen doping prevails on the textural properties for guid- ing the selectivity toward the two- or four-electron process, since a similar H2O2 yield was observed for all N-MC samples. The possible presence of FeNx sites
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3439432
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