Purpose: Adequate patient positioning is of paramount importance in neurosurgery. Complications related to the position are common and make up for more than 16% of the claims towards anaesthesiologists and neurosurgeons. This paper aims to provide the anaesthesiologist with a practical guide to avoid common pitfalls related to the patient positioning process. Method: We performed a systematic review of the medical literature for the identification, screening, and inclusion of articles. The bibliographic search was conducted on June 1st, 2021 by two of the authors. In this review, we included articles indexed by MEDLINE, Cochrane Library, or Google Scholar. Results: We retrieved a total of 5706 unique papers from our initial search. However, after the initial screening, 5363 papers were removed is not related to our research leaving a total of 343 papers. We examined the full text of all the 343 articles including 68 of them in the final qualitative analysis. Discussion: In this review we examine the most common neurosurgical positions: supine, sitting, lateral, park-bench, prone, jack-knife, and knee-chest. For each of them, the proper positioning and related complications are described. Particular attention is given to the prevention and management of these complications, providing a practical guide for clinicians.

A practical guide to patient position and complication management in neurosurgery: a systematic qualitative review

Negro S.;Andreatta G.;Salvagno M.;Navalesi P.;Munari M.
2021

Abstract

Purpose: Adequate patient positioning is of paramount importance in neurosurgery. Complications related to the position are common and make up for more than 16% of the claims towards anaesthesiologists and neurosurgeons. This paper aims to provide the anaesthesiologist with a practical guide to avoid common pitfalls related to the patient positioning process. Method: We performed a systematic review of the medical literature for the identification, screening, and inclusion of articles. The bibliographic search was conducted on June 1st, 2021 by two of the authors. In this review, we included articles indexed by MEDLINE, Cochrane Library, or Google Scholar. Results: We retrieved a total of 5706 unique papers from our initial search. However, after the initial screening, 5363 papers were removed is not related to our research leaving a total of 343 papers. We examined the full text of all the 343 articles including 68 of them in the final qualitative analysis. Discussion: In this review we examine the most common neurosurgical positions: supine, sitting, lateral, park-bench, prone, jack-knife, and knee-chest. For each of them, the proper positioning and related complications are described. Particular attention is given to the prevention and management of these complications, providing a practical guide for clinicians.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/3439568
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