The purpose of this study was to assess the long-term natural history of choroidal abnormalities (CAs) in a large pediatric neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) population, quantifying their progression in number and dimensions. Pediatric patients (<16 years old) affected by NF1 with a minimum follow-up of 3 years with at least one CA in one eye were consecutively recruited. Near-infrared (NIR) imaging was performed to identify CAs, which were quantified in number and size. The CAs area and perimeter were normalized for the optic disc dimensions to avoid possible bias related to the growing process of the eye. Ninety-nine eyes of 53 patients were evaluated. The CAs number, area and perimeter significantly increased during follow-up (p < 0.0001 for each parameter). The patient age at baseline was inversely correlated with the CAs number over time (coefficient = −0.1313, p = 0.0068), while no correlation was found between the patient age and CAs progression in size. In conclusion, we provide evidence that, in NF1 pediatric patients, CAs change over time, increasing both in number and dimensions, independently from the physiological growth of the eye. While the increase of the CAs number occurs particularly at an earlier age, the increase in the CAs dimensions is a slow process that remains constant during childhood.

Choroidal Abnormalities in Pediatric NF1: A Cohort Natural History Study

Cosmo E.;Frizziero L.;Miglionico G.;De Biasi C. S.;Trevisson E.;Gabbiato I.;Midena G.;Parrozzani R.
2022

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to assess the long-term natural history of choroidal abnormalities (CAs) in a large pediatric neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) population, quantifying their progression in number and dimensions. Pediatric patients (<16 years old) affected by NF1 with a minimum follow-up of 3 years with at least one CA in one eye were consecutively recruited. Near-infrared (NIR) imaging was performed to identify CAs, which were quantified in number and size. The CAs area and perimeter were normalized for the optic disc dimensions to avoid possible bias related to the growing process of the eye. Ninety-nine eyes of 53 patients were evaluated. The CAs number, area and perimeter significantly increased during follow-up (p < 0.0001 for each parameter). The patient age at baseline was inversely correlated with the CAs number over time (coefficient = −0.1313, p = 0.0068), while no correlation was found between the patient age and CAs progression in size. In conclusion, we provide evidence that, in NF1 pediatric patients, CAs change over time, increasing both in number and dimensions, independently from the physiological growth of the eye. While the increase of the CAs number occurs particularly at an earlier age, the increase in the CAs dimensions is a slow process that remains constant during childhood.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3439650
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