Background: Obesity has become a global epidemic. Bariatric surgery is considered the most effective therapeutic weapon in terms of weight loss and improvement of quality of life and comorbidities. Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is one of the most performed procedures worldwide, although patients carry a nonnegligible risk of developing post-operative GERD and BE. Objectives: The aim of this work is the development of computational patient-specific models to analyze the changes induced by bariatric surgery, i.e., the volumetric gastric reduction, the mechanical response of the stomach during an inflation process, and the related elongation strain (ES) distribution at different intragastric pressures. Methods: Patient-specific pre- and post-surgical models were extracted from Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) scans of patients with morbid obesity submitted to LSG. Twenty-three patients were analyzed, resulting in forty-six 3D-geometries and related computational analyses. Results: A significant difference between the mechanical behavior of pre- and post-surgical stomach subjected to the same internal gastric pressure was observed, that can be correlated to a change in the global stomach stiffness and a minor gastric wall tension, resulting in unusual activations of mechanoreceptors following food intake and satiety variation after LSG. Conclusions: Computational patient-specific models may contribute to improve the current knowledge about anatomical and physiological changes induced by LSG, aiming at reducing post-operative complications and improving quality of life in the long run.

Patient-specific stomach biomechanics before and after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy

Toniolo, Ilaria;Berardo, Alice
;
Foletto, Mirto;Carniel, Emanuele Luigi
2022

Abstract

Background: Obesity has become a global epidemic. Bariatric surgery is considered the most effective therapeutic weapon in terms of weight loss and improvement of quality of life and comorbidities. Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is one of the most performed procedures worldwide, although patients carry a nonnegligible risk of developing post-operative GERD and BE. Objectives: The aim of this work is the development of computational patient-specific models to analyze the changes induced by bariatric surgery, i.e., the volumetric gastric reduction, the mechanical response of the stomach during an inflation process, and the related elongation strain (ES) distribution at different intragastric pressures. Methods: Patient-specific pre- and post-surgical models were extracted from Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) scans of patients with morbid obesity submitted to LSG. Twenty-three patients were analyzed, resulting in forty-six 3D-geometries and related computational analyses. Results: A significant difference between the mechanical behavior of pre- and post-surgical stomach subjected to the same internal gastric pressure was observed, that can be correlated to a change in the global stomach stiffness and a minor gastric wall tension, resulting in unusual activations of mechanoreceptors following food intake and satiety variation after LSG. Conclusions: Computational patient-specific models may contribute to improve the current knowledge about anatomical and physiological changes induced by LSG, aiming at reducing post-operative complications and improving quality of life in the long run.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/3443244
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