The metastatic spread of breast carcinoma to the stomach is a rare event and often represents a diagnostic challenge. In the present study, 23 cases of gastric metastases from breast cancer were retrospectively identified dating back until 2007. Primitive histotype, localization, gross appearance, microscopic architecture were analyzed. Cytokeratins 7 and 20, sex hormones, HER2 and Ki67 expression was evaluated. According to the results, the series was characterized by an enrichment of lobular primitive histotype (43.7%). In most cases gastric metastases were described as parietal nodules, polypoid masses or ulcerated lesions, mainly involving the antro-angular region. In a relatively high rate (10.5%) of cases, endoscopic examinations resulted negative for macroscopic lesions. More than half of the cases (52.2%) microscopically resembled primitive poorly cohesive gastric cancer. Because gross and histological findings can be deceiving, immunohistochemistry may be essential for the diagnosis of gastric metastases from breast cancer. Accordingly with the results of our analysis and literature review, an immunohistochemical panel composed of cytokeratins 7 and 20, Estrogen and Progesteron Receptors would drastically improve diagnostic accuracy. Interaction among the clinician, endoscopist and the pathologist is also essential to provide the patient the best therapeutic option.

Gastric metastases of breast cancer: Histopathological and molecular characterization of a single Institution case series

Zarrilli G.;Angerilli V.;Cappellesso R.;Galuppini F.;Pennelli G.;Farinati F.;Savarino E.;Griguolo G.;Bottosso M.;Dieci M. V.;Guarneri V.;Dei Tos A. P.;Fassan M.
2022

Abstract

The metastatic spread of breast carcinoma to the stomach is a rare event and often represents a diagnostic challenge. In the present study, 23 cases of gastric metastases from breast cancer were retrospectively identified dating back until 2007. Primitive histotype, localization, gross appearance, microscopic architecture were analyzed. Cytokeratins 7 and 20, sex hormones, HER2 and Ki67 expression was evaluated. According to the results, the series was characterized by an enrichment of lobular primitive histotype (43.7%). In most cases gastric metastases were described as parietal nodules, polypoid masses or ulcerated lesions, mainly involving the antro-angular region. In a relatively high rate (10.5%) of cases, endoscopic examinations resulted negative for macroscopic lesions. More than half of the cases (52.2%) microscopically resembled primitive poorly cohesive gastric cancer. Because gross and histological findings can be deceiving, immunohistochemistry may be essential for the diagnosis of gastric metastases from breast cancer. Accordingly with the results of our analysis and literature review, an immunohistochemical panel composed of cytokeratins 7 and 20, Estrogen and Progesteron Receptors would drastically improve diagnostic accuracy. Interaction among the clinician, endoscopist and the pathologist is also essential to provide the patient the best therapeutic option.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3449627
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